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ChineseEdit

 
white; empty; blank; bright; clear; plain; pure; gratuitous
dust; powder
simp. and trad.
(白粉)
Literally: “white powder”.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

白粉

  1. face powder (or any other white cosmetic powder)
  2. white chalk; white paint
  3. face paint
  4. white flour
  5. (informal) heroin

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 海洛因 (“heroin”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 海洛因, 海洛英
Mandarin Beijing 海洛因, 白麵兒
Taiwan 海洛因, 白粉
Luoyang 白麵兒
Xi'an 白麵兒
Ürümqi 白麵兒
Yangzhou 白麵子
Cantonese Guangzhou 白粉
Hong Kong 海洛英, 白粉, , , 四仔
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 海洛因
Liudui (S. Sixian) 海洛因
Hsinchu (Hailu) 海洛因
Dongshi (Dabu) 海洛因
Hsinchu (Raoping) 海洛因
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 海洛因
Jin Taiyuan 料子
Xinzhou 料子
Min Nan Xiamen 海洛因
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 白粉
Wu Wenzhou 白粉
Danyang 白粉, 白麵

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (白粉):
  • Japanese: 白粉 (はくふん) (hakufun)
  • Korean: 백분 (白粉, baekbun)

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 4
Irregular

(This etymology is missing. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

白粉 (hiragana おしろい, rōmaji oshiroi)

  1. (cometics) powder, face powder, white powder used as a base for cosmetics
    紅白粉 (べにおしろい)
    beni oshiroi
    rouge and powder; make-up

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しら
Grade: 1

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

(white) +‎ (powder)

NounEdit

白粉 (hiragana しらこ, rōmaji shirako, alternative reading はくふん, rōmaji hakufun)

  1. bloom, a powdery coating on the surface of certain fruit, such as grapes or plums
    ブドウに白粉 (しらこ)がふいた。
    Budō ni shirako ga fuita.
    Bloom formed on the grapes.