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U+7070, 灰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7070

[U+706F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7071]
灰 U+2F835, 灰
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F835
𠨬
[U+2F834]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 及
[U+2F836]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大火 (KF), four-corner 71289, composition𠂇 (GTKV) or ⿸ (J))

  1. ashes
  2. dust
  3. lime
  4. mortar

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 665, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18859
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1075, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2188, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7070

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɯːs, *mɯː
*km̥ʰɯː
*km̥ʰlɯː
*km̥ʰɯː
*hmɯː

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hand) +  (fire) – fire that can be touched with the hand (ash). has been modified to 𠂇; compare (“left”), (“right”).

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • he/her - vernacular;
    • hoe - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuei⁵⁵/
Harbin /xuei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xuei²¹/
Jinan /xuei²¹³/
Qingdao /xue²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xuei²⁴/
Xi'an /xuei²¹/
Xining /xuɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xuei³¹/
Ürümqi /xuei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xuei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xuei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xuei⁵⁵/
Kunming /xuei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xuəi³¹/
Hefei /xue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xuei¹¹/
Pingyao /xuæ¹³/
Hohhot /xuei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hue⁵³/
Suzhou /hue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /hui³³/
Wenzhou /fai³³/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ³¹/
Tunxi /xuə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fei³³/
Xiangtan /ɸəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɨi⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /foi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /foi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fui⁵³/
Nanning /fui⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fui⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hue⁵⁵/
/he⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hue³³/
/hui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hui²³/
/hu²³/
/hue²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (42)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/huoi/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwəj/
Li
Rong
/xuᴀi/
Wang
Li
/xuɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huī
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huī
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwoj ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤə/
English ashes

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5414
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmɯː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. lime; mortar
  2. dust; ash
  3. grey
    • 灰色 (huīsè, “gray color”)
  4. disheartened

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“(Min Nan) dust; ash”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ashes
  2. puckery juice
  3. cremate

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はい, rōmaji hai)

  1. ash
     (ちり) (ちり)に、 (はい) (はい)
    chiri wa chiri ni, hai wa hai ni
    dust to dust, ashes to ashes

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hoe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hoe, Yale hoy)

  1. ashes
  2. dust
  3. lime
  4. mortar

MulamEdit

NounEdit

(pu1)

  1. ash

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hôi, hoi, khôi, vôi, hui)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.