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U+767D, 白
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-767D

[U+767C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+767E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 106 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹日 (HA), four-corner 26000, composition丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #106, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 785, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 22678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1196, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2642, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+767D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡs, *mbraːd
*pʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰaːɡ
*baːɡ
*baːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*prɯɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ, *ɡeːwʔ
*mpʰraːɡ, *mbraːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*praɡ, *preɡ
*ɦmreːɡ

Pictogram (象形) – originally an acorn. The character acquired its current meaning of white from the color of the acorn’s flesh. The original meaning has been lost. (Compare – originally “nose”, now “self”.)

PronunciationEdit


Note: bó - extremely limited in usage, previously used in the name Li Bai (李白).
Note: pe̍h/pe̍eh - vernacular (by itself and in most compounds), pia̍k/pe̍k - literary (in a few compounds).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pai³⁵/
Harbin /pai²⁴/
Tianjin /pai⁴⁵/
Jinan /pei²¹³/
Qingdao /pe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /pei²⁴/
Xining /pɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /pia¹³/
/pɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /pə⁵³/
Ürümqi /pai⁵¹/
/pei⁵¹/
Wuhan /pɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /pe³¹/
Guiyang /pɛ²¹/
Kunming /pə³¹/
Nanjing /pəʔ⁵/
Hefei /pɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pai¹¹/
/piəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/ ~的
/pæ¹³/ ~菜
Hohhot /pɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /baʔ¹/
Suzhou /bɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ba²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɛ²²/
Tunxi /pʰa¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pə²⁴/
Xiangtan /pæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /pʰɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pak̚²/
Nanning /pak̚²²/
Hong Kong /pak̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pik̚⁵/
/peʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /paʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pa⁴⁴/
/pɛ⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /peʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔk̚⁵/
/ʔbɛ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (113)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/baɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/bɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/bɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bái
Middle
Chinese
‹ bæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*bˤrak/
English white

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 207
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*braːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. white
      ―  bái  ―  white color
      ―  báichá  ―  white tea
  2. clear; easy to understand
      ―  míngbái  ―  clear, obvious
    /   ―  qiǎnbái  ―  simple
  3. clear; pure; plain; blank
    /   ―  báizhǐ  ―  a blank sheet of paper
      ―  báishuǐ  ―  plain water
      ―  báizhōu  ―  plain congee
  4. vernacular
    /   ―  báihuà  ―  spoken language
  5. dialect
    /   ―  bái  ―  Suzhou dialect
      ―  jīngbái  ―  Beijing dialect
  6. Short for 白讀白读 (báidú, “colloquial reading”).
  7. reactionary; anticommunist
    /   ―  báijūn  ―  The White army
    /   ―  bái  ―  The White area
    色恐怖  ―  báisèkǒngbù  ―  the White terror
  8. in vain; for nothing
    我們沒有 / 我们没有  ―  Wǒmen méiyǒu bái máng.  ―  Our efforts were not in vain.
      ―  bái děng le.  ―  She waited in vain.
    他們沒有 [MSC, trad.]
    他们没有 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen de xuè méiyǒu bái liú. [Pinyin]
    Their blood was not shed in vain.
    所有工作 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Suǒyǒu de gōngzuò dōu bái zuò le. [Pinyin]
    All the work has been done for nothing.
    一趟 / 一趟  ―  bái lái yītàng  ―  to come in vain; to come for nothing
    東西 / 东西  ―  báigěi de dōngxī  ―  something given for nothing
  9. free of charge; gratuitous; gratis
    可以拿走蘋果 [MSC, trad.]
    可以拿走苹果 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ kěyǐ bái názǒu zhè xiē píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    You can have these apples for free.
  10. to stare coldly; to stare at someone with the white of the eyes
    生氣一眼 [MSC, trad.]
    生气一眼 [MSC, simp.]
    Tā shēngqì dì bái le tā yīyǎn. [Pinyin]
    She gave him an angry stare.
  11. to explain; to present; to state
      ―  bái  ―  explain oneself, confess
    開場 / 开场  ―  kāichǎngbái  ―  preamble
      ―  biǎobái  ―  to explain oneself
    /   ―  biànbái  ―  to explain, to defend oneself
  12. to mispronounce or wrongly write a character
    老是讀破句 [MSC, trad.]
    老是读破句 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ lǎoshì xiě bái zì dúpòjù. [Pinyin]
    I always mispronounce words and break my sentences up in the wrong places.
    /   ―  Wǒ bǎ zhè zì niàn bái le.  ―  I've mispronounced the character.
  13. spoken lines in opera
      ―  niànbái  ―  spoken parts of a Chinese opera
      ―  dàobái  ―  spoken parts of a Chinese opera
    /   ―  bái  ―  monologue
    /   ―  duìbái  ―  dialogue
  14. funeral
    喜事 / 喜事  ―  hóngbáixǐshì  ―  weddings and funerals
  15. A surname​. Bai
CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Chinese · 顏色颜色 (yánsè) (layout · text)
     白色 (báisè)      灰色 (huīsè)      黑色 (hēisè)      棕色 (zōngsè), 褐色 (hèsè)
             粉紅色粉红色 (fěnhóngsè)              紅色红色 (hóngsè), 豔紅色艳红色 (yànhóngsè)              橙色 (chéngsè)              黃色黄色 (huángsè), 奶油色 (nǎiyóusè)
             青檸色青柠色 (qīngníngsè)              綠色绿色 (lǜsè)              {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              青色 (qīngsè), 深青色
             天藍色天蓝色 (tiānlánsè)              藍色蓝色 (lánsè)              紫羅蘭色紫罗兰色 (zǐluólán sè), 靛色 (diànsè)              洋紅色洋红色 (yánghóngsè), 紫色 (zǐsè)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しろ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しろ, rōmaji shiro)

  1. white (color)
  2. (Magic: The Gathering) white
  3. a white go stone
  4. innocence
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しら, rōmaji shira)

  1. white, Old Japanese pronunciation, now only seen in compounds
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 1
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana はく, rōmaji haku)

  1. white

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Japanese ·  (いろ) (iro) (layout · text)
      (しろ) (shiro)      灰色 (はいいろ) (haiiro),
鼠色 (ねずみいろ) (nezumiiro) (dated)
      (くろ) (kuro)      茶色 (ちゃいろ) (chairo),
褐色 (かっしょく) (kasshoku)
             ピンク (pinku),
桃色 (ももいろ) (momoiro)
              (あか) (aka),  (しん) () (shinku),
クリムゾン (kurimuzon),
紅色 (べにいろ) (beniiro),
紅色 (くれないいろ) (kurenaiiro)
             オレンジ (orenji),
橙色 (だいだいいろ) (daidaiiro)
              (きい) () (kiiro), クリーム (いろ) (kurīmuiro)
             黄緑 (きみどり) (kimidori)               (みどり) (midori),
 (あお) (ao) (dated)
             {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              シアン (shian),  (かも)羽色 (はねいろ) (kamo no hane iro)
             水色 (みずいろ) (mizuiro)               (あお) (ao)              菫色 (すみれいろ) (sumireiro), 藍色 (あいいろ) (aiiro),
インジゴ (injigo)
             マゼンタ (mazenta),  (むらさき) (murasaki)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(baek, pa)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): ,
    • Name (hangeul): 희다 (revised: huida, McCune-Reischauer: hŭida, Yale: huyta)
  1. white

See alsoEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

白 (Bạch, bạch, bạc)

AdjectiveEdit

  1. white

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.
  2. A male or female given name