See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火卜日十 (VFYAJ), four-corner 21946, composition)

  1. graceful, delicate
  2. spacious

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 928, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27590
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1366, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3412, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7DBD

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰuo⁵⁵/
/ʈ͡ʂʰuo⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂau⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰɑu²¹/
/t͡sʰɑu²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰuə²¹³/
/ʈ͡ʂʰɔ²¹³/
Qingdao /tʃʰuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰuo²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fʰuo²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰuə¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fʰə¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sʰuo²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰo³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰo²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰo³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰuaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʰo²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʰo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiak̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sɔk̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (24)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰɨɐk̚/ /t͡ɕʰi̯ak̚/ /t͡ɕʰiak̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɐk̚/ /cʰɨak̚/ /t͡ɕʰĭak̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chuò ‹ tsyhak › /*tʰawk/ indulgent, gentle

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17762 2 /*tʰjewɢ/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (literary) ample; spacious

VerbEdit

  1. (literary) to grab

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune-Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xước)

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