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See also:
U+684C, 桌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-684C

[U+684B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+684D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜日木 (YAD), four-corner 21904, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 525, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14766
  • Dae Jaweon: page 914, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1198, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+684C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*deːwɢs
*rneːwɢs
*rteːwɢs
*rteːwɢs, *rdeːwɢ
*rtʰeːwɢs, *rtʰeːwɢ
*rtʰeːwɢs, *rtʰeːwɢ
*rdeːwɢs
*tʰeːwɢs
*deːwʔ, *deːwɢs, *rneːwɢ
*tʰewɢ, *rtʰeːwɢ
*tjewɢ
*tʰjewɢ
*tʰjewɢ
*tʰjewɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ, *rtʰeːwɢ

From , with the bottom replaced by (“wood”) to indicate specifically the sense of "table".

EtymologyEdit

From (OC *rteːwɢ, “high”), as tables are relatively tall (compared to other furnitures like ).

Similar descriptive derivations for furnitures include: (“to climb”) > (“stool”); (“to lean”) > (“chair”).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • toh - vernacular;
  • tok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuo⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuo⁴⁴/
    /t͡suo⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂuo²¹/
    /t͡suo²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuə²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuo²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fo²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuə¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡suɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡suo²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡so³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡so²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂo³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suaʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡suaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡so⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡so²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
    /t͡sʰœk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔk̚³²/
    /toʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /toʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo⁵⁵/
    /so³¹/ 訓床

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (10)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠʌk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈᵚɔk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈaɨwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhuo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhuō
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ træwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁrawk/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
    English table

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17767
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rteːwɢ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. table; desk; stand
      杯子  ―  Bēizǐ zài zhuō shàng.  ―  The cup is on the table.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 桌子 (“table”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 桌子
    Mandarin Beijing 桌子
    Taiwan 桌子
    Tianjin 桌子
    Jinan 桌子
    Xi'an 桌子
    Wuhan 桌子
    Chengdu 桌子
    Yangzhou 桌子
    Hefei 桌子
    Malaysia 桌子, 檯子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan 檯頭
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 桌子
    Hakka Meixian 桌仔
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Dongguan (Qingxi)
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
    Heyuan (Bendihua)
    Liannan 檯桌
    Conghua (Lütian)
    Jiexi
    Changting 桌子
    Wuping 桌子
    Ninghua
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 桌仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 桌仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 桌仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 桌仔,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Jin Taiyuan 桌子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen , 桌仔
    Quanzhou , 桌仔
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei 桌仔
    Kaohsiung 桌仔
    Tainan 桌仔
    Taichung 桌仔
    Hsinchu 桌仔
    Lukang 桌仔
    Sanxia 桌仔
    Yilan 桌仔
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang , 桌頂
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng , 床頭
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Wu Shanghai 檯子
    Suzhou 檯子
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 桌子
    Shuangfeng 桌子

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): たく (taku)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (trác)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.