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ChineseEdit

 
bitter; intensely; miserable; painful
 
melon; claw; gourd; squash
simp. and trad.
(苦瓜)
 
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苦瓜
 
苦瓜

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

苦瓜

  1. bitter melon; bitter gourd

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 苦瓜 (“bitter melon”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 苦瓜
Taxonomic name 苦瓜
Mandarin Beijing 苦瓜
Taiwan 苦瓜
Harbin 苦瓜癩瓜
Jinan 苦瓜
Luoyang 苦瓜
Xi'an 苦瓜
Xining 苦瓜
Xuzhou 苦瓜
Yinchuan 苦瓜
Lanzhou 苦瓜
Ürümqi 苦瓜
Wuhan 苦瓜
Chengdu 苦瓜
Guiyang 苦瓜
Liuzhou 苦瓜
Nanjing 癩葡萄苦瓜
Cantonese Guangzhou 苦瓜涼瓜菩薘 dated
Hong Kong 苦瓜涼瓜菩薘 dated
Dongguan 苦瓜涼瓜菩薘
Hong Kong (Weitou) 菩薘
Taishan 苦瓜
Gan Nanchang 苦瓜
Lichuan 苦瓜
Pingxiang 苦瓜
Hakka Meixian 苦瓜
Yudu 苦瓜
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 苦瓜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 苦瓜
Hsinchu (Hailu) 苦瓜
Dongshi (Dabu) 苦瓜
Zhuolan (Raoping) 苦瓜
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 苦瓜
Hong Kong 苦瓜
Jin Taiyuan 苦瓜
Min Bei Jian'ou 苦瓜
Min Dong Fuzhou 苦瓜
Min Nan Xiamen 苦瓜
Taipei 苦瓜
Kaohsiung 苦瓜
Haikou 苦瓜
Pinghua Nanning 苦瓜
Wu Shanghai 苦瓜
Suzhou 苦瓜
Hangzhou 苦瓜
Wenzhou 紅瓤
Danyang 癩葡萄瓜
Jinhua 苦瓜
Ningbo 苦瓜
Xiang Changsha 苦瓜
Loudi 苦瓜

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (苦瓜):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
にが
Grade: 3
うり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

EtymologyEdit

(niga, bitter) +‎ (uri, gourd)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

苦瓜 (hiragana にがうり, katakana ニガウリ, rōmaji nigauri)
(alternative reading hiragana にがごい, romaji nigagoi) (Kagoshima dialect)
(alternative reading hiragana にがごり, romaji nigagori) (Miyazaki dialect)

  1. bitter melon; bitter gourd

SynonymsEdit


OkinawanEdit

NounEdit

苦瓜 (hiragana ごーやー, romaji gōyā)

  1. bitter melon; bitter gourd