See also: 訓讀

Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
くん
Grade: 4
どく
Grade: 2
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
訓讀 (kyūjitai)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(くん)(どく) (kundoku

  1. Synonym of 訓読み (kun'yomi, Japanese native reading for kanji (Chinese characters), by using the pronunciation of the native Japanese word that has the same meaning.)
    Example: reading (mountain, Middle Chinese: /ʃˠɛn/, Japanese on'yomi: さん (san)) as やま (yama), the native Japanese word for “mountain”.
  2. Short for 漢文訓読 (kanbun kundoku, Japanese reading of Classical Chinese by literal translation).
    Example: reading 青取之於藍而青於藍 as (あお)(これ)(あい)より()りて(しか)(あい)より(あお) (ao wa kore o ai yori torite shikamo ai yori aoshi).

Verb

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(くん)(どく)する (kundoku surusuru (stem (くん)(どく) (kundoku shi), past (くん)(どく)した (kundoku shita))

  1. to use the kun'yomi of a word, to read a word using the pronunciation of the native Japanese word
  2. to use kanbun kundoku for Classical Chinese
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
くん
Grade: 4
よ(み)
Grade: 2
jūbakoyomi
Alternative spelling
訓讀 (kyūjitai)
For pronunciation and definitions of 訓読 – see the following entry.
訓読くんよ
[noun] (linguistics) kun'yomi: a reading of a kanji that is not derived from the kanji's original pronunciation borrowed from Chinese
[verb] to use the kun'yomi of a word, to read a kanji using the pronunciation of a native Japanese word
(This term, 訓読, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN