Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to disobey; to violate; to separate; to go against
statute; constitution
trad. (違憲)
simp. (违宪)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (32)
Final () (21) (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉi/ /hɨɐnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɨi/ /hiɐnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuəi/ /xiɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuj/ /hɨanH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuəi/ /xiɐnH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwəi/ /xĭɐnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/we̯i/ /xɨ̯ɐnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wéi xiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wéi xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwɨj › ‹ xjonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[j]/ /*qʰar/ (~ *qʰar-s)
English go against law; model; rule

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12815 4849
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯl/ /*hŋans/

VerbEdit

違憲

  1. to violate the constitution; to be unconstitutional

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
けん
Grade: 6
on'yomi

NounEdit

違憲 ‎(hiragana いけん, romaji iken)

  1. unconstitutionality
    婚外子 (こんがいし)相続差別 (そうぞくさべつ)違憲 (いけん)である
    kongaishi no sōzoku sabetsu wa iken de aru
    Discrimination against illegitimate heirs is unconstitutional.

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.