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ChineseEdit

 
to disobey; to violate; to separate; to go against
statute; constitution
trad. (違憲)
simp. (违宪)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (35) (32)
Final () (21) (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʉi/ /hɨɐnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷɨi/ /hiɐnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuəi/ /xiɐnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuj/ /hɨanH/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuəi/ /xiɐnH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwəi/ /xĭɐnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/we̯i/ /xɨ̯ɐnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wéi xiàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wéi xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwɨj › ‹ xjonH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə[j]/ /*qʰar/ (~ *qʰar-s)
English go against law; model; rule

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 12815 4849
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯl/ /*hŋans/

VerbEdit

違憲

  1. to violate the constitution; to be unconstitutional

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
けん
Grade: 6
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

違憲 (hiragana いけん, rōmaji iken, historical hiragana ゐけん)

  1. unconstitutionality
    婚外子 (こんがいし)相続差別 (そうぞくさべつ) () (けん)である
    kongaishi no sōzoku sabetsu wa iken de aru
    Discrimination against illegitimate heirs is unconstitutional.

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.