See also: , , and
U+975E, 非
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-975E

[U+975D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+975F]
U+2FAE, ⾮
KANGXI RADICAL WRONG

[U+2FAD]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FAF]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 175, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 中一尸卜 (LMSY) or 中一卜卜卜 (LMYYY), four-corner 11111, composition ⿰⿰⿰丨三(G) or ⿰⿰⿱𠄟丿(HTK) or ⿰⿻⿰𠄟丿(J) or ⿰⿰丿三(V))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1382, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1894, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4086, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+975E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     

EtymologyEdit

(OC *pɯj) is the fusion of the negation particle (OC *pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ', “not”) and the copula (OC *ɢʷi, “to be”), attested in oracle bone inscriptions.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puj/
Li
Rong
/piuəi/
Wang
Li
/pĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
feoi1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*pəj/
English is not

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3076
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯl/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. not be; is not; not
      ―  fēicháng  ―  unusual
      ―  fēi  ―  illegal
  2. (logic) NOT
  3. wrong; incorrect
      ―  shìfēi  ―  right and wrong
  4. to reproach; to blame
  5. (colloquial) Used to insist on something. to have got to; to simply must
    不行  ―  Bùxíng, wǒ fēi děi zǒu.  ―  No, I must go.
  6. Short for 非洲 (Fēizhōu, “Africa”).
  7. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC pʉi)

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (hi)
  • Korean: (, bi)
  • Vietnamese: phi ()

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

PrefixEdit

() (hi-

  1. negative prefix: in-, non-, un-

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC pʉi). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: pi) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

PronunciationEdit

  • (in 비단 (非但, bidan)):
  • (not; un-; in-; non-; etc.):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pi(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 아닐 (anil bi))

  1. Hanja form? of (not).
  2. Hanja form? of (un-; in-; non-).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Hán tựEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: phi[1]

  1. Hán tự form of phi (not).
  2. Hán tự form of phi (un-; in-; non-).

ReferencesEdit