See also: , , and
U+975E, 非
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-975E

[U+975D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+975F]
U+2FAE, ⾮
KANGXI RADICAL WRONG

[U+2FAD]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FAF]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 175, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 中一尸卜 (LMSY) or 中一卜卜卜 (LMYYY), four-corner 11111, composition ⿰⿰⿰丨三(G) or ⿰⿰⿱𠄟丿(HTK) or ⿰⿻⿰𠄟丿(J) or ⿰⿰丿(V))

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1382, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1894, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4086, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+975E

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     

Pictogram (象形) - two wings facing opposite directions, meaning "not".

Etymology edit

(OC *pɯj) is the fusion of the negation particle (OC *pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ', “not”) and the copula (OC *ɢʷi, “to be”), attested in oracle bone inscriptions.

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter pj+j
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puj/
Li
Rong
/piuəi/
Wang
Li
/pĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fei1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*pəj/
English is not

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3076
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯl/

Definitions edit

  1. not be; is not; not
      ―  fēicháng  ―  unusual
  2. to run counter to; to not conform to
      ―  fēi  ―  illegal
  3. (logic) NOT
  4. wrong; incorrect
      ―  shìfēi  ―  right and wrong
  5. to reproach; to blame
    無可厚无可厚  ―  wúkěhòufēi  ―  to give no cause for criticism
  6. (colloquial) Used to insist on something. to have got to; to simply must
    不行 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Bùxíng, wǒ fēi děi zǒu. [Pinyin]
    No, I must go.
  7. Short for 非洲 (Fēizhōu, “Africa”).
      ―  běifēi  ―  North Africa
  8. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC pj+j)

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (hi)
  • Korean: 비(非) (bi)
  • Vietnamese: phi ()

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Pronunciation edit

(accent only applies as a noun)

Prefix edit

() (hi-

  1. negative prefix: in-, non-, un-

Compounds edit

Noun edit

() (hi

  1. evil, wrong, wrongdoing
    Antonym: (ze)

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC pj+j). Recorded as Middle Korean (pi) (Yale: pi) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation edit

  • (in 비단 (非但, bidan)):
  • (not; un-; in-; non-; etc.):
    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [pi(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 아닐 (anil bi))

  1. Hanja form? of (not).
  2. Hanja form? of (un-; in-; non-).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: phi[1]

  1. chữ Hán form of phi (not).
  2. chữ Hán form of phi (un-; in-; non-).

References edit