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U+5FAE, 微
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FAE

[U+5FAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FAF]

Translingual edit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms edit

Note that the middle component is written as 𡵂 (⿳山一几) in simplified Chinese and Korean. In Japanese, the middle component is written as 𡵉 (⿱山兀). In traditional Chinese, the middle component is written (⿳山一儿), as found in the Kangxi dictionary.

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 60, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹人山弓大 (HOUNK) or 竹人山山大 (HOUUK), four-corner 28240, composition 𢼸(GK) or 𣁋(TJV))

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 370, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10203
  • Dae Jaweon: page 696, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 837, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5FAE

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. 𡵉
alternative forms
𢕧
𢼸

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *mɯl): semantic + phonetic 𢼸 ().

Etymology edit

"not; no"
The negative root *m + (OC *ɢʷi, “to be”) (Pulleybank, 1995).
"small"
From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mwəj (fine; delicate) (STEDT). Cognate with Burmese မွေ့ (mwe., delicate).

Pronunciation 1 edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter mj+j
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/mʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muj/
Li
Rong
/miuəi/
Wang
Li
/mĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wéi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mei4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*məj/
English small

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12801
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯl/

Definitions edit

  1. tiny; small; trifling
  2. to decline; to deteriorate
  3. humble; low-ranking
  4. slight; gentle
  5. slightly; gently
  6. to not have
  7. [from 19th c., officially from 1981 (PRC), 1985 (ROC)] micro- (SI unit prefix)
  8. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC mj+j)
  9. () (telegraphy) the fifth day of a month

Compounds edit

See also edit

SI prefix
Last Next
(háo) //

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (mi); () (bi)
  • Korean: 미(微) (mi)
  • Vietnamese: vi ()

Pronunciation 2 edit


Definitions edit

(Min Nan)

  1. (mouth, eyes, etc.) to close slightly
  2. a little

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. delicate

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

Affix edit

() (bi

  1. tiny; small; minute

Etymology 2 edit

Affix edit

() (mi

  1. tiny; small; minute

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 작을 (jageul mi))

  1. Hanja form? of (small, few, little, hidden).

(eumhun 자질구레할 (jajilgurehal mi))

  1. Hanja form? of (minor, trivial, trifling).

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: vi

  1. chữ Hán form of vi (micro-).

Zhuang edit

Noun edit

  1. Sawndip form of feiz (fire)