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Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 十手一心 (JQMP), four-corner 30336, composition𡩜)

  1. constitution; basic law

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 404, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11269
  • Dae Jaweon: page 744, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2351, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+61B2

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiã⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/
Chengdu /ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕie̞³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiɪ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕi⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³²⁴/
Tunxi /ɕiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕiẽ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hian³¹/
Taoyuan /hien³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hin³³/
Nanning /hin³³/
Hong Kong /hin³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyɔŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiaŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐnH/ /xɨ̯ɐnH/ /xiɐnH/ /hiɐnH/ /hɨanH/ /xĭɐnH/ /xiɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiàn ‹ xjonH › /*qʰar (~ *qʰar-s)/ law; model; rule

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4849 1 /*hŋans/

DefinitionsEdit

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ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heon) (hangeul , revised heon, McCune-Reischauer hŏn, Yale hen)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hiến)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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