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U+96E8, 雨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E8

[U+96E7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (U+2ED7) (When used as a combining radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227, composition𠕒)

  1. Kangxi radical #173, (rain).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𠕒
𠕘
𠕲

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/r/s-wa.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hō͘/hǒ͘ - colloquial;
  • ú/í - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷ(r)aʔ/
English rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15952
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. rain
  2. (figuratively) friend
  3. (figuratively) teaching; instruction
DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese:  () (u)
  • Korean: (, u)
  • Vietnamese: ()

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ-s/
English rain (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to rain
  2. to fall from the sky (like the rain)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 下雨 (“to rain”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 下雨
Mandarin Beijing 下雨
Taiwan 下雨
Tianjin 下雨
Harbin 下雨
Jinan 下雨
Muping 下雨
Luoyang 下雨
Jiedian 下雨
Xi'an 下雨
Xining 下雨
Xuzhou 下雨
Yinchuan 下雨
Lanzhou 下雨
Ürümqi 下雨
Wuhan 下雨落雨
Chengdu 下雨落雨
Guiyang 下雨落雨 dated
Liuzhou 下雨落雨
Yangzhou 下雨
Nanjing 下雨
Hefei 下雨
Nantong 落雨
Cantonese Guangzhou 落雨
Hong Kong 落雨
Dongguan 落雨
Taishan 落水
Yangjiang 落水
Gan Nanchang 落雨
Lichuan 落雨
Pingxiang 落雨
Hakka Meixian 落雨落水
Xingning 落水
Huidong 落水
Qujiang 落水
Xiaosanjiang 落水
Changting 落雨
Pingyu 落雨
Wuping 落雨
Liancheng 落雨
Ninghua 落雨
Yudu 落雨
Ruijin 落雨
Shicheng 落雨
Shangyou 落雨
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 落雨
Liudui (S. Sixian) 落雨
Hsinchu (Hailu) 落水
Dongshi (Dabu) 落雨
Zhuolan (Raoping) 落雨
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 落雨
Huizhou Jixi 落雨
Jin Taiyuan 下雨
Xinzhou 下雨
Min Bei Jian'ou 落雨
Min Dong Fuzhou 盪雨
Fuqing 盪雨
Matsu 盪雨
Min Nan Xiamen 落雨
Quanzhou 落雨
Zhangzhou 落雨
Taipei 落雨
Kaohsiung 落雨
Tainan 落雨
Taichung 落雨
Wuqi 落雨
Hsinchu 落雨
Taitung 落雨
Lukang 落雨天落雨
Sanxia 落雨
Yilan 落雨
Kinmen 落雨
Magong 落雨
Penang 落雨
Singapore 落雨
Philippines (Manila) 落雨
Chaozhou 落雨
Haikou 落雨
Leizhou 落雨
Pinghua Nanning 落雨
Wu Shanghai 落雨雨落 dated
Suzhou 落雨
Hangzhou 落雨
Wenzhou 落雨
Chongming 落雨
Danyang 落雨落水
Jinhua 落雨
Ningbo 落雨
Xiang Changsha 落雨
Shuangfeng 落雨
Loudi 落雨

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

*The さめ (same) reading occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ (ame)) in terms such as 小雨 (kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨 (harusame, spring rain).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with (same, rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same//ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あめ, rōmaji ame)

  1. rain
    • 一雨ごとに春が来る
      hito ame goto ni haru ga kuru
      Spring nears by each rain-fall
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 24:
      雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
さめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with (ame, rain). Found in compounds. The /s/ either represents epenthesis between two vowels in compounds or, more likely, is a reflex of an older form of the word only maintained in fossilized compounds. See the list of derived terms.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さめ, rōmaji same) (Possible archaic term. Today only used in compounds.)

  1. rain
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
    • Name (hangeul):
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

OkinawanEdit

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, thủy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

CompoundsEdit