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U+96E8, 雨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E8

[U+96E7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • In mainland China, Japan and Korea, the inner dots of the character is written as .
  • In Taiwan, Hong Kong and Vietnam, the inner dots of the character is written as and its mirror image .
  • When this character is used as an upper radical component, the form is different depending on the script used.
    • For Ming typeface (明體/明朝体):
      • In mainland China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam, the radical component resembles (U+2ED7) with four horizontal lines which is also the historical form used in the Kangxi dictionary.
      • In Taiwan and Hong Kong, the radical component resembles the character itself (with and its mirror image) but the lower right hook of is omitted.
    • For regular script (楷書):
      • In mainland China and Japan, the radical component resembles the character itself (with ) but the lower right hook of is omitted.
      • In Taiwan and Hong Kong, the radical component resembles the character itself (with and its mirror image) but the lower right hook of is omitted.

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227, composition⺀(GJK) or ⿱𠕒(HTV))

  1. Kangxi radical #173, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
𠕒
𠕘
𠕲

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/r/s-wa.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hṳ̄ - vernacular;
  • ṳ̀ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hō͘/hǒ͘ - vernacular;
    • ú/í - literary.
    Note:
    • hou6 - vernacular;
    • u2 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɢʷ(r)aʔ/
    English rain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15952
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷaʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. rain
    2. (figuratively) friend
    3. (figuratively) teaching; instruction
    DescendantsEdit
    Sino-Xenic ():

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ-s/
    English rain (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15953
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷas/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to rain
    2. to fall from the sky (like the rain)

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 下雨 (“to rain”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , 天雨
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 下雨, 降雨
    Mandarin Beijing 下雨
    Taiwan 下雨
    Tianjin 下雨
    Harbin 下雨
    Shenyang 下雨
    Hailar 下雨
    Ulanhot 下雨
    Tongliao 下雨
    Chifeng 下雨
    Bayanhot 下雨
    Jinan 下雨
    Muping 下雨
    Luoyang 下雨
    Wanrong 下雨
    Xi'an 下雨
    Zhengzhou 下雨
    Xining 下雨
    Xuzhou 下雨
    Yinchuan 下雨
    Lanzhou 下雨
    Ürümqi 下雨
    Wuhan 下雨, 落雨
    Huanggang 落雨
    Chengdu 下雨, 落雨
    Guiyang 下雨, 落雨 dated
    Guilin 下雨
    Liuzhou 下雨, 落雨
    Kunming 下雨
    Yangzhou 下雨
    Nanjing 下雨
    Hefei 下雨
    Nantong 落雨
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 下雨
    Cantonese Guangzhou 落雨
    Hong Kong 落雨
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 落雨
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 落雨
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 落水
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 落水
    Macau 落雨
    Panyu 落雨
    Huadu (Huashan) 落雨
    Conghua 落水
    Zengcheng 落雨
    Foshan 落雨
    Nanhai (Shatou) 落雨
    Shunde 落雨
    Sanshui 落雨
    Gaoming (Mingcheng) 落雨
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 落雨
    Zhuhai (Qianshan) 落雨
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 落雨
    Doumen 落水
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 落水
    Xinhui 落水
    Taishan 落水
    Kaiping (Chikan) 落水
    Enping (Niujiang) 落水
    Heshan (Yayao) 落水
    Dongguan 落雨
    Bao'an (Shajing) 落雨
    Dapeng 落水
    Shaoguan 落水
    Yunfu 落雨
    Yangjiang 落水
    Xinyi 落水
    Lianjiang 落水
    Nanning 落雨
    Wuzhou 落雨
    Yulin 落水
    Hepu 落雨
    Danzhou 落水
    Kuala Lumpur 落雨, 落水
    Ho Chi Minh City 落雨
    Gan Nanchang 落雨
    Lichuan 落雨
    Pingxiang 落雨
    Hakka Meixian 落雨, 落水
    Xingning 落水
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 落水
    Huizhou (Shuikou Bendihua) 落水
    Huizhou (Hengli Bendihua) 落水
    Huiyang 落水
    Huidong (Pingshan Bendihua) 落水
    Huidong (Daling) 落水
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 落水
    Longmen (Pingling Bendihua) 落水
    Longmen (Luxi Bendihua) 落水
    Boluo (Bendihua) 落水
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 落水
    Zengcheng (Zhengguo) 落水
    Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 落水
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 落水
    Wuhua (Shuizhai) 落水
    Wuhua (Huacheng) 落水
    Wuhua (Changbu) 落水
    Wuhua (Mianyang) 落水
    Heyuan (Bendihua) 落水
    Zijin (Guzhu Bendihua) 落水
    Longchuan (Tuocheng Bendihua) 落水
    Longchuan (Sidu Bendihua) 落水
    Heping (Linzhai Bendihua) 落水
    Lianping (Zhongxin Bendihua) 落水
    Lianping (Longjie Bendihua) 落水
    Qujiang 落水
    Xinfeng (Matou Bendihua) 落水
    Xinfeng (Daxi Bendihua) 落水
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 落水
    Liannan 落水
    Conghua (Lütian) 落水
    Jiexi 落水
    Luchuan 落水
    Luchuan (Daqiao) 落水
    Changting 落雨
    Pingyu 落雨
    Wuping 落雨
    Liancheng 落雨
    Ninghua 落雨
    Yudu 落雨
    Ruijin 落雨
    Shicheng 落雨
    Shangyou 落雨
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 落雨
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 落雨
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 落水
    Dongshi (Dabu) 落雨
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 落雨
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 落雨
    Hong Kong 落水
    Sabah (Longchuan) 落水
    Senai 落水
    Singkawang 落水
    Huizhou Jixi 落雨
    Shexian 落雨
    Tunxi 落雨
    Xiuning 落雨
    Yixian 落雨
    Qimen 落雨
    Wuyuan 落雨
    Fuliang 落雨
    Dexing 落雨
    Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 落雨
    Jin Taiyuan 下雨
    Pingyao 下雨
    Xinzhou 下雨
    Baochang 下雨
    Jining 下雨
    Hohhot 下雨
    Baotou 下雨
    Dongsheng 下雨
    Linhe 下雨
    Haibowan 下雨
    Min Bei Jian'ou 落雨
    Dikou 落雨
    Songxi 落雨
    Zhenghe 落雨
    Zhenqian 落雨
    Jianyang 落雨
    Wuyishan 落雨
    Shibei 落雨
    Min Dong Fuzhou 盪雨
    Changle 盪雨
    Fuqing 盪雨
    Yongtai 盪雨
    Gutian 盪雨
    Fu'an 做雨
    Ningde 盪雨
    Shouning 做雨
    Zhouning 做雨
    Fuding 落雨
    Matsu 盪雨
    Min Nan Xiamen 落雨
    Tong'an 落雨
    Quanzhou 落雨
    Jinjiang 落雨
    Hui'an 落雨
    Yongchun 落雨
    Dehua 落雨
    Zhangzhou 落雨
    Changtai 落雨
    Hua'an 落雨
    Nanjing 落雨
    Zhangpu 落雨
    Zhao'an 落雨
    Dongshan 落雨
    Taipei 落雨
    Kaohsiung 落雨
    Tainan 落雨
    Taichung 落雨
    Wuqi 落雨
    Hsinchu 落雨
    Taitung 落雨
    Lukang 落雨天, 落雨
    Sanxia 落雨
    Yilan 落雨
    Kinmen 落雨
    Magong 落雨
    Penang 落雨
    Singapore 落雨
    Philippines (Manila) 落雨
    Zhangping 落雨
    Zhangping (Yongfu) 落雨
    Datian 落雨
    Pingnan 落雨
    Chaozhou 落雨
    Shantou 落雨
    Haifeng 落雨
    Johor Bahru 落雨
    Wenchang 落雨
    Haikou 落雨
    Leizhou 落雨
    Puxian Min Putian 落雨
    Xianyou 落雨
    Pinghua Nanning 落雨
    Guilin 落雨
    Shehua Fu'an 落水
    Fuding 落水
    Luoyuan 落水
    Sanming 落水
    Shunchang 落水
    Hua'an 落水
    Guixi 落水
    Cangnan 落水
    Jingning 落水
    Lishui 落水
    Longyou 落水
    Chaozhou 落水
    Fengshun 落水
    Wu Shanghai 落雨, 雨落 dated
    Suzhou 落雨
    Wuxi 落雨
    Hangzhou 落雨
    Wenzhou 落雨
    Chongming 落雨
    Danyang 落雨, 落水
    Jinhua 落雨
    Ningbo 落雨
    Xiang Changsha 落雨
    Shuangfeng 落雨
    Xiangtan 落雨
    Loudi 落雨
    Quanzhou 下雨

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    • The さめ (same) reading occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ (ame)) in terms such as 小雨 (kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨 (harusame, spring rain).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あめ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Cognate with (same, rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same//ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same reading below for more.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あめ, rōmaji ame)

    1. rain
       (ひと) (あめ)ごとに (はる) ()hito ame goto ni haru ga kuruspring nears by each rainfall
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 24:
        雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    さめ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Cognate with (ame, rain).

    Appears as the latter part in older compounds with an -s- infix or prefix. It is unclear if this leading /s/ is indicative of an earlier form (same), or if this was an epenthesis for euphony to avoid vowel clusters, or for other reasons. This /s/ is also seen in (ao, becoming sao in old compounds) and (ine, becoming shine in old compounds).

    Given that this /s/ only ever appears interstitially, and given the semantics, this /s/ may be cognate with Korean interfix -ᄉ- (-s-) used to mark possession, much like English 's.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana さめ, rōmaji same)

    1. (possibly archaic) rain
    Usage notesEdit

    Now used only in compounds.

    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨoX).

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (hiragana , rōmaji u)

    1. rain
    2. (figuratively) something falling like rain
    3. (figuratively) favor; blessing
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bi u))

    1. Hanja form? of (rain).

    CompoundsEdit


    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    CompoundsEdit

    • 雨小 (あみぐぁー, amigwā, light rain, drizzle, mizzle, sprinkle)
    • 雨降い (あみふい, amifui, raining, rainy, rainfall)
    • 一雨 (ちゅあみ, chuami, rainfall, shower)

    VietnameseEdit

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    Derived termsEdit

    • 長雨 (ながみ, nagami, rainy season)