U+96E8, 雨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E8

[U+96E7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E9]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • (U+2ED7) (When used as a combining radical)

Han characterEdit

(radical 173 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227)

  1. Kangxi radical #173, (rain).

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𠕒
𠕘
𠕲

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/r/s-wa.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hō͘/hǒ͘ - colloquial;
  • ú/í - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ɣioX/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.ɢʷ(r)aʔ/
English rain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15952
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷaʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. rain
  2. (figuratively) friend
  3. (figuratively) teaching; instruction
DescendantsEdit
Sino-Xenic ():

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ɣioH/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ-s/
English rain (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷas/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to rain
  2. to fall from the sky (like the rain)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

The さめ(same) reading occurs as epenthesis (instead of the more common あめ(ame)) in terms such as 小雨(kosame, light rain, drizzle) and 春雨(harusame, spring rain).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with (same, rain). Found both alone and in compounds. Perhaps derived from /same//ame/ with loss of the initial /s/; see same.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あめ, romaji ame)

  1. rain
    • 一雨ごとに春が来る
      hito ame goto ni haru ga kuru
      Spring nears by each rain-fall
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 24:
      雨 設文云、雨、音禹、阿女○山田本有和名二字、谷川氏曰、阿女天水之急呼、謂如水從天下也、水從雲中而下也

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
さめ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Cognate with (ame, rain). Found in compounds. The /s/ either represents epenthesis between two vowels in compounds or, more likely, is a reflex of an older form of the word only maintained in fossilized compounds. See the list of derived terms.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana さめ, romaji same)

  1. rain
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: u, McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

MiyakoEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

OkinawanEdit

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, thủy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

YonaguniEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

NounEdit

‎(hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

  1. rain

CompoundsEdit