U+96E8, 雨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96E8

[U+96E7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96E9]
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TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean
Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Alternative formsEdit

  • In mainland China, Japan and Korea, the inner dots of the character is written as .
  • In Taiwan, Hong Kong and Vietnam, the inner dots of the character is written as and its mirror image .
  • When this character is used as an upper radical component, the form is different depending on the script used.
    • For Ming typeface (明體/明朝体):
      • In mainland China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam, the radical component resembles (U+2ED7) with four horizontal lines which is also the historical form used in the Kangxi dictionary.
      • In Taiwan and Hong Kong, the radical component resembles the character itself (with and its mirror image) but the lower right hook of is omitted.
    • For regular script (楷書):
      • In mainland China and Japan, the radical component resembles the character itself (with ) but the lower right hook of is omitted.
      • In Taiwan and Hong Kong, the radical component resembles the character itself (with and its mirror image) but the lower right hook of is omitted.

Han characterEdit

(radical 173, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中月卜 (MLBY), four-corner 10227, composition⺀(GJK) or ⿱𠕒(HTV))

  1. Kangxi radical #173, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1371, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42210
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1878, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4057, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+96E8

Further readingEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𠕒
𠕘
𠕲

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             

Pictogram (象形) – a cloud with drops of rain falling from it.

 
Wikipedia has articles on:

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k/r/s-wa.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hṳ̄ - vernacular;
  • ṳ̀ - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hō͘/hǒ͘ - vernacular;
    • ú/í - literary.
    Note:
    • hou6 - vernacular;
    • u2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨoX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦioX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣioX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆X/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣioX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɢʷ(r)aʔ/
    English rain

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 15952
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷaʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. rain
    2. (figuratively) friend
    3. (figuratively) teaching; instruction

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: () (u)
    • Korean: (, u)
    • Vietnamese: ()

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (35)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ʷ(r)aʔ-s/
    English rain (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 15953
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɢʷas/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to rain
    2. to fall from the sky (like the rain)

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    あめ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ame2 → */aməɨ//ame/

    From Old Japanese.

    Cognate with (ame, bound apophonic of ama, “sky),[1] as in the location of clouds where water precipitates from.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (あめ) (ame

    1. rain, rainfall
      (ひと)(あめ)ごとに(はる)()hitoame goto ni haru ga kuruspring nears by each rainfall
    2. a rainy weather
      Synonym: 雨天 (uten)
    3. (figuratively) something falling like rain
    CitationsEdit

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:雨.

    Usage notesEdit
    • In some compounds, when suffixed, ame becomes same. It is unclear if this leading /s/ is indicative of an earlier same, or if this was an epenthesis for euphony to avoid vowel clusters, or for other reasons. This /s/ is also seen in (ao, becoming sao in old compounds) and (ine, becoming shine in old compounds). Given that this /s/ only ever appears interstitially, and given the semantics, this /s/ may be cognate with Korean interfix -ᄉ- (-s-) used to mark possession, much like English 's.
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 1
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦɨoX).

    AffixEdit

    () (u

    1. rain
    2. (figuratively) something falling like rain
    3. (figuratively) favor, blessing
    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bi u))

    1. Hanja form? of (rain).

    Derived termsEdit


    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Ryukyuan *ami.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, rōmaji ami)

    1. rain, rainfall

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ アミ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate with (ame2, sky),[1] as in the location of clouds where water precipitates from.

    NounEdit

    (ame2) (kana あめ)

    1. rain, rainfall

    CitationsEdit

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:雨.

    Usage notesEdit

    • In some compounds, when prefixed, ame becomes the unbound apophonic ama.
    • In some compounds, when suffixed, ame becomes same.

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (ame)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: [1][2]
    : Nôm readings: [1][3][4]

    1. Hán tự form of (rain).

    ReferencesEdit


    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    YoronEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あみ, romaji ami)

    1. rain

    Derived termsEdit