깨끗하다

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆺᄀᆞᆺᄒᆞ다 (Yale: kos.kos.hota). Also attested in the Beonyeok nogeoldae (飜譯老乞大 / 번역노걸대), 1517, as Middle Korean 긋긋다 (Yale: kus.kus.ta).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [k͈ɛk͈ɯtʰa̠da̠] ~ [k͈e̞k͈ɯtʰa̠da̠]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [/]
Revised Romanization? kkaekkeuthada
Revised Romanization (translit.)? kkaekkeushada
McCune–Reischauer? kkaekkŭthada
Yale Romanization? kkaykkushata

AdjectiveEdit

깨끗하다 (kkaekkeuthada) (infinitive 깨끗해 or 깨끗하여, sequential 깨끗하니)

  1. to be clean
    존슨은 "그것이 얼마나 많이 녹느냐에 따라서, 많은 깨끗한 물이 지역을 떠나서 대양으로 향하게 될 것이며, 이는 식수와 음식의 안전에 심각한 충격을 줄 것이다"라고 한다.
    Jonseuneun geugeosi eolmana mani nongneunya-e ttaraseo, maneun kkaekkeuthan muri jiyeogeul tteonaseo daeyang-euro hyanghage doel geosimyeo, ineun siksuwa eumsigui anjeone simgakhan chunggyeogeul jul geosidarago handa.
    Johnson said, “Depending on how it melts, a lot of the freshwater will be leaving the region for the ocean, which will have severe impacts on water and food security."
    2018, VOA Learning English > China's Melting Glacier Brings Visitors, Adds to Climate Concerns (The original sentence in English)

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (obsolete) 조ᄒᆞ다 (cwohota) - First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • 깨끗이 (kkaekkeusi, “in a clean fashion; cleanly”)