U+AC83, 것
HANGUL SYLLABLE GEOS
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:r-j-t

[U+AC82]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC84]

KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [kʌ̹t̚]
  • Phonetic hangeul: []
Revised Romanization? geot
Revised Romanization (translit.)? geos
McCune–Reischauer? kŏt
Yale Romanization? kes
Audio
(file)

Etymology 1Edit



걿

걔 ←→ 게

SyllableEdit

(geot)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean  (Yale: kes). Compare Japanese (koto, abstract thing).

The now colloquially dominant contraction (geo) is first attested in the nineteenth century.

Alternative formsEdit

  • (geo) (dominant form in colloquial speech)

Dependent nounEdit

(geot)

  1. thing; something; that which; what (used to designate any object, action, or phenomenon; used to form noun phrases)
    • 에서 제일 야?
      I jung-eseo jeil keun ge mwoya?
      What's the biggest one out of these?
      • (file)
    • 더러운 싫어해.
      Na deoreoun geo sireohae.
      I don't like it when it's dirty [lit. "I don't like dirty things"].
      • (file)
    • 바위 같은 것이 정말 많습니다.
      I goseneun bawi gateun geosi jeongmal manseumnida.
      Here, there are quite a few things that look like rocks.
      • (file)
    • 맞아, 그런 같네.
      Maja, geureon geo ganne.
      You're right, that's what it looks like. [lit. "It looks like that thing."]
      • (file)
    • 원하는
      naega wonhaneun geot
      what I want
      • (file)
    • 받은 이야.
      Gyaega badeun geon doniya.
      Money is what she got.
      • (file)
    • 적군서울진입한 으로 판단됩니다.
      Jeokguni seoure jiniphan geoseuro pandandoemnida.
      We judge that the enemy has entered Seoul. [lit. "We judge it as the thing that the enemy has entered Seoul"]
      • (file)
  2. an object belonging to an owner; colloquially pronounced (kkeo) with initial tensing
  3. Emphasizes the speaker's certainty about the preceding verb (must follow the verbal suffix (n))
    • 인생원래 헤어지는 .
      Insaeng-eun wollae heeojineun geoya.
      Life is always about saying goodbye. [lit. "Life is always a thing where you say goodbye"]
      • (file)
    • 태어날 부터 그런 .
      Gyaeneun taeeonal ttaebuteo geureon geoya.
      He must have been like that since he was born. [lit. "He is a thing like that since he was born"]
      • (file)
  4. Used as an element in a number of verbal suffixes; see the "Derived terms" section
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

As a dependent noun, (geot) and its colloquial variant cannot occur in isolation, but must always be attributed by a verb, an adjective, a determiner, or a possessor.

In colloquial Korean, (geo) is the generally accepted form of this important dependent noun, to the point that the use of the uncontracted form may feel stilted. In formal language, (geot) remains preferred.

In the colloquial language, (geo) changes somewhat based on noun case, which is unusual for an agglutinative language like Korean:

  • The nominative form is generally (ge), instead of the expected
  • The instrumental form is generally 걸로 (geollo) rather than the expected , although the latter form is also increasingly common

See also the very common contractions (geon) (from ) and (geol) (from ), although the uncontracted forms are also widely found.

See alsoEdit

  • (got, “place”)
  • (got, “soon, immediately”)
  • (ga, “edge, side”)