, “rice-dough cake”).
Etymology 1 Edit
First attested in the
Worin seokbo ( 月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ( ᄯᅥᆨ〮 Yale: sték).
Romanizations Revised Romanization ? tteok Revised Romanization (translit.) ? tteog McCune–Reischauer ? ttŏk Yale Romanization ? ttek South Gyeongsang ( Busan) pitch accent: 떡 의 / 떡에 / 떡 까지
Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.
떡 • ( tteok)
dough of rice or other cereals, ground before, or mashed after, steaming. Specifically, a steamed cake of glutinous rice, often sweetened.
Derived terms Edit
( 떡가래 tteokgarae)
( 떡가루 tteokgaru, “rice-cake flour”)
( 떡갈비 tteokgalbi)
( 떡고물 tteokgomul)
( 떡국 tteokguk)
( 떡메 tteongme)
( 떡밥 tteokbap)
( 떡방아 tteokbang-a)
( 떡보 tteokbo)
( 떡볶이 tteokbokki)
( 떡살 tteoksal)
( 떡소 tteokso)
( 떡시루 tteoksiru)
( 떡쌀 tteokssal)
( 떡판 tteokpan)
( 가래떡 garaetteok)
( 개떡 gaetteok)
( 시루떡 sirutteok)
( 쑥떡 ssuktteok)
( 찰떡 chaltteok)
( 떡 먹기 tteok meokgi, “a piece of cake”) ( 떡치다 tteokchida)
Etymology 2 Edit
Of native Korean origin. Perhaps derived directly from
( 딱 ttak).
Romanizations Revised Romanization ? tteok Revised Romanization (translit.) ? tteog McCune–Reischauer ? ttŏk Yale Romanization ? ttek
떡 • ( tteok)
( of a gap, of a width ) very widely, very broadly
어깨 가 떡 펼쳐져 있다. Eokkaega tteok pyeolchyeojyeo itda. His shoulders are spread very broadly.
( of two things , also metaphoric ) very tightly, in a perfectly fitting manner ( often negative )
밥풀 이 옷 에 떡 붙어 있다. Bappuri ose tteok buteo itda. Grains of rice are stuck tight to his clothes. while being immobile; ( metaphoric ) in an adult manner; intransigently ( often negative )
군인 들 이 떡 버티고 있다. Gunindeuri tteok beotigo itda. The troops are intransigently blocking the way.
Usage notes Edit ( 떡 tteok) is the yin vowel, or dark vowel, form of ( 딱 ttak).
In contemporary Korean, the
yin vowels refer to /ʌ/, /e/, /u/ , and often /i/. In Korean ideophones and sensory words, forms with these vowels have a connotation of darkness, largeness, murkiness, bluntness, old age , or negativeness.