First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄃᆞᆶ〮 (Yale: -tólh). Beyond Korean, most likely related to Japanese 達 (tachi, pluralizing morpheme); if so, the ancestral form may have been */tatVk/ or similar (Vovin 2010, p. 120).
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||deul|
들 • (-deul)
- An auxiliary plural particle with an emphasis on the individuality of each item. See Usage notes for more.
- Korean does not grammatically distinguish between singular and plural nouns. Thus, while 사람들 (saramdeul) means "people", 사람 (saram) can mean either "person" or "people", depending on context.
- 들 (deul) has a nuance of emphasizing the individuality of each item. Compare the following:
- 들 (deul) is not typically used for a quantified noun, except in a construction where the classifier precedes the quantified noun and is linked by the genitive particle 의 (ui).
- 들 (deul) is obligatory after the deictic determiners 이 (i, “this”), 그 (geu, “that”), 저 (jeo, “that”).
- 들 (deul) can used after an adverb or an object to pluralize the subject, especially when the subject has been omitted.