U+C628, 온
HANGUL SYLLABLE ON
Composition: + +

[U+C627]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C629]




예 ←→ 와

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Contracted from Middle Korean 오ᄋᆞᆫ〮 (Yale: wòón), 오온〮 (Yale: wòwón), from unattested *오ᄫᆞᆫ〮 (Yale: *wòWón), from pre-Middle Korean <wòpón>. Compare Yukjin Korean 오분 (obun, whole, entire), preserving the lost */p/.

Originally equivalent to the adnominal form of 오ᄋᆞᆯ〮다〮 (Yale: wòól-tá, “to become whole”), from pre-Middle Korean wòpól-, but the verb is obsolete in modern Korean and the etymology is not transparent.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)n]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?on
Revised Romanization (translit.)?on
McCune–Reischauer?on
Yale Romanization?ōn

DeterminerEdit

(on)

  1. all, whole, entire

PrefixEdit

온— (on-)

  1. all, whole, entire
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Short for 너라 (o-neora).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?on
Revised Romanization (translit.)?on
McCune–Reischauer?on
Yale Romanization?on

VerbEdit

(on)

  1. (endearing) imperative of 오다 (oda, to come)
    나비 이리 !Nabi-ya iri on!Kitty, come here!

Etymology 3Edit

See the main entry.

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?on
Revised Romanization (translit.)?on
McCune–Reischauer?on
Yale Romanization?on

VerbEdit

(on)

  1. realis adnominal of 오다 (oda, to come): which has come

Etymology 4Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(on)

Extended content
  1. : warm
    (eumhun reading: 따뜻할 (ttatteuthal on))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuən))
  2. : serene
    (eumhun reading: 평온할 (pyeong'onhal on))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuənX))
  3. : a Korean surname
    (eumhun reading: 사람이름 (saramireum on))
    (MC reading: )
  4. : collecting
    (eumhun reading: 쌓을 (ssaeul on))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨun))
  5. : epidemic
    (eumhun reading: 염병 (yeombyeong on))
    (MC reading: )
  6. : tangled fabric
    (eumhun reading: (heonsom on))
    (MC reading: )

Middle KoreanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

온〮 (wón)

  1. (one) hundred