U+C624, 오
HANGUL SYLLABLE O
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:d-h

[U+C623]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C625]
See also: -오 and -오-

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Korean numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 5 6  → [a], [b]
    Native isol.: 다섯 (daseot)
    Native attr.: 다섯 (daseot), (dat) (archaic)
    Sino-Korean: (o)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 다섯째 (daseotjjae)

Sino-Korean word from (five), from the Middle Korean reading 오〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC ŋuoX).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?ō

NumeralEdit

(o) (hanja )

  1. (Sino-Korean numeral) five
Usage notesEdit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Imitative. Compare English oh.

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?ō

InterjectionEdit

(o)

  1. wow, whoa; used for a pleasant surprise, especially regarding something the listener has done or said.
    , 좋다.O, jota.Whoa, nice.
    , 기발한 생각이다.O, gibal-han saenggag-ida.Whoa, that's a brilliant idea.

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from (troop of five soldiers).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [o̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?ō

NounEdit

(o) (hanja )

  1. (military) rank of troops (row of soldiers side by side)
    Coordinate term: 열(列) (yeol, file)
Derived termsEdit

Derived terms with native elements:

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from (Wu).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?o
Revised Romanization (translit.)?o
McCune–Reischauer?o
Yale Romanization?o

Proper nounEdit

(O) (hanja )

  1. [~나라] Wu, name of various Chinese kingdoms in the lower Yangzi region
  2. A common surname, from Chinese​.

Etymology 5Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(o)

Extended content
  1. : name of a kingdom
    (eumhun reading: 나라 이름 (nara ireum o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo))
  2. : five
    (eumhun reading: 다섯 (daseot o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  3. : dirty
    (eumhun reading: 더러울 (deoreoul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuo))
  4. : daytime
    (eumhun reading: (nat o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  5. : to err
    (eumhun reading: 그릇할 (geureut-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  6. : parasol tree
    (eumhun reading: 오동나무 (odongnamu o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo))
  7. : Enlightenment
    (eumhun reading: 깨달음 (kkaedareum o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  8. : to rejoice
    (eumhun reading: 즐거워할 (jeulgeowo-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɨo, ŋuoH))
  9. : crow
    (eumhun reading: 까마귀 (kkamagwi o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuo))
  10. : five people
    (eumhun reading: 다섯 사람 (daseot saram o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  11. : bright
    (eumhun reading: 밝을 (balgeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  12. : deep
    (eumhun reading: 깊을 (gipeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuH))
  13. : turtle
    (eumhun reading: 자라 (jara o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  14. : to meet
    (eumhun reading: 만날 (mannal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  15. : arrogant
    (eumhun reading: 거만할 (geoman-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑuH))
  16. : to lament
    (eumhun reading: 탄식할 (tansik-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuo))
  17. : riverside
    (eumhun reading: 물가 (mulga o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuH))
  18. : I; me
    (eumhun reading: (na o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo, ŋˠa))
  19. : centipede
    (eumhun reading: 지네 (jine o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuo))
  20. : to awake
    (eumhun reading: (jam kkael o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoH))
  21. : dog
    (eumhun reading: (gae o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  22. : to hate
    (eumhun reading: 미워할 (miwo-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuoH))
  23. : to meet
    (eumhun reading: 맞이할 (maji-hal o))
    (MC reading: )
  24. : embankment
    (eumhun reading: (duk o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔuoX))
  25. : to resent
    (eumhun reading: 한할 (han-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuX))
  26. : arrogant
    (eumhun reading: 거말할 (geomal-hal o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  27. : deep
    (eumhun reading: 깊을 (gipeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɑuH))
  28. : to stir-fry
    (eumhun reading: 볶을 (bokkeul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  29. : hamper
    (eumhun reading: 버들고리 (beodeulgori o))
    (MC reading: )
  30. : Alternative form of
    (eumhun reading: 자라 (jara o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))
  31. : pair
    (eumhun reading: (jjak o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋuoX))
  32. : sound of reading
    (eumhun reading: 읽는 소리 (geul ingneun sori o))
    (MC reading: )
  33. : clamor
    (eumhun reading: 시끄러울 (sikkeureoul o))
    (MC reading: (MC ŋɑu))