KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 일홈〮 (Yale: ìlhwóm). Also attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 일훔〮 (Yale: ìlhwúm).

Appears to be unattested verb *잃다〮 (Yale: *ìlh-tá, “to name”) + 옴〮 (Yale: -wóm, gerund-forming suffix) with the gerund undergoing a semantic shift to a full noun; the verb is also found in 일ᄏᆞᆮ다〮 (Yale: ìlh-kòt-tá, “to name”) > Korean 일컫다 (ilkeotda). Beyond Koreanic, Andrew Shimunek identifies the form as borrowed from Khitan [script needed] (*irV), [script needed] (*iri, name, title).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [iɾɯm]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ireum
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ileum
McCune–Reischauer?irŭm
Yale Romanization?ilum
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 름의 / 름에 / 름까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

NounEdit

이름 (ireum)

  1. name; full name
    식물 이름 ?
    I singmur-eun ireum-i mwo-ya?
    What's the name of this plant?
    누구 이름으로 예약하셨나요?
    Nugu ireum-euro yeyakhasyeonnayo?
    What name is your reservation under?
    자비로우시고 자애로우신 하나님 이름으로
    jabirousigo jaaerousin Hananim-ui ireumeuro
    in the name of God, the Merciful, the Benevolent
    Synonyms: (formal, written) 명(名) (myeong), (honorific for people) 성함(姓銜) (seongham, full name), 성명(姓名) (seongmyeong, full name)
  2. given name (in opposition to a surname)
    Synonym: (formal, written) 명(名) (myeong)
  3. name, justification
    세계 평화 이름으로 침략 전쟁 일삼는 나라
    segye pyeonghwa-ui ireum-euro chimnyak jeonjaeng-'eul ilsamneun nara
    a country which makes a pastime of invasive war in the name of world peace
    Synonym: 명분(名分) (myeongbun)
  4. (idiomatic) good name, fame, reputation
    이름 높다ireum-i nopdato be famed (literally, “for the name to be high”)
  5. (computing) username

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shimunek, Andrew E. "Towards a Reconstruction of the Kitan Language, with Notes on Northern Late. Middle Chinese Phonology", (M.A. thesis, Indiana University, 2007).