Korean

edit

Etymology

edit

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 일홈〮 (Yale: ìlhwóm). Also attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 일훔〮 (Yale: ìlhwúm).

Appears to be unattested verb *잃다〮 (Yale: *ìlh-tá, “to name”) + 옴〮 (Yale: -wóm, gerund-forming suffix) with the gerund undergoing a semantic shift to a full noun; the verb is also found in 일ᄏᆞᆮ다〮 (Yale: ìlh-kòt-tá, “to name”) > Korean 일컫다 (ilkeotda). Beyond Koreanic, Andrew Shimunek identifies the form as borrowed from Khitan [script needed] (*irV), [script needed] (*iri, name, title).[1]

Pronunciation

edit
  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [iɾɯm]
    • Audio:(file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ireum
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ileum
McCune–Reischauer?irŭm
Yale Romanization?ilum
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 름의 / 름에 / 름까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

Noun

edit

이름 (ireum)

  1. name; full name
    Synonyms: (formal, written) 명(名) (myeong), (honorific for people) 성함(姓銜) (seongham, full name), 성명(姓名) (seongmyeong, full name)
    식물 이름 ?
    I singmur-eun ireum-i mwo-ya?
    What's the name of this plant?
    누구 이름으로 예약하셨나요?
    Nugu ireum-euro yeyakhasyeonnayo?
    What name is your reservation under?
    자비로우시고 자애로우신 하나님 ^이름으로
    jabirousigo jaaerousin ^hananim-ui ^ireum-euro
    in the name of God, the Merciful, the Benevolent
  2. given name (in opposition to a surname)
    Synonym: (formal, written) 명(名) (myeong)
  3. name, justification
    Synonym: 명분(名分) (myeongbun)
    세계 평화 이름으로 침략 전쟁 일삼는 나라
    segye pyeonghwa-ui ireum-euro chimnyak jeonjaeng-eul ilsamneun nara
    a country which makes a pastime of invasive war in the name of world peace
  4. (idiomatic) good name, fame, reputation
    이름 높다ireum-i nopdato be famed (literally, “for the name to be high”)
  5. (computing) username

References

edit
  1. ^ Shimunek, Andrew E. "Towards a Reconstruction of the Kitan Language, with Notes on Northern Late. Middle Chinese Phonology", (M.A. thesis, Indiana University, 2007).