From Middle Korean 하ᄂᆞᆶ〮 (hànólh), probably from Old Korean 天乙 (*HANOr). Perhaps related to Middle Korean 하다〮 (Yale: hà-tá, “to be large; to be great”). The Middle Korean /-h/ may be the remnant of an ancient place-related suffix; see Appendix:Middle Korean h-final nouns.
In the Hangul script, first attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 하ᄂᆞᆶ〮 (Yale: hànólh).
- (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ha̠nɯɭ]
- Phonetic hangul: [하늘]
|Revised Romanization (translit.)?||haneul|
- South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 하늘의 / 하늘에 / 하늘까지
Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.
하늘 • (haneul)
- (chiefly Confucianism) heaven
- (Christianity) heavenly god
- (obsolete) palate
- Synonym: 입천장 (ipcheonjang)