See also: ich, Ich, ICH, ích, ịch, and -ich-

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Principally from Latin -iacum, itself from Celtic. However, other names were sometimes adapted to the suffix, as in Limperich (now a district of Bonn), which goes back to Middle High German Lintberg.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. Placename suffix found in the Rhineland.

Related termsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -ig, from Proto-Germanic *-īgaz, *-agaz, *-ugaz.

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. -y; forms adjectives from nouns.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: -ig

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. Alternative form of -yssh

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. Alternative form of -y (-y)

Pennsylvania GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German -ec, -ic, from Old High German -ig, from Proto-Germanic *-gaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos. Compare German -ig, Dutch -ig, English -y, Swedish -ig.

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. (adjectival) -y

Saterland FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian -ich, from Proto-Germanic *-īgaz, variant of *-gaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos. Compare German and Dutch -ig, English -y.

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. -y

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish -igidir (whence also Irish -igh), originally a denominative verb formative, from Proto-Celtic *-sagyetor; compare Welsh -hau.

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. Suffix used to form verbs; semi-productive in Scottish Gaelic.

ConjugationEdit

Participles
Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present a' -igh --
Past -ich -icheadh
Future -ichidh -ichear
Conditional -icheadh -ichteadh

Derived termsEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian -ich, from Proto-Germanic *-īgaz, variant of *-gaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-kos.

SuffixEdit

-ich

  1. -y

Further readingEdit

  • -ich”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011