GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German -ung, -unge, from Old High German -unga, from Proto-Germanic *-ungō. More at -ing.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʊŋ/
  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-ung f (plural -ungen)

  1. -ing; forms nouns from verbs, usually describing either an event in which an action is carried out, or the result of that action.
    rechnen (to reckon) + ‎-ung → ‎die Rechnung (the reckoning, the bill)
    entdecken (to discover) + ‎-ung → ‎die Entdeckung (the discovery)
    erinnern (to remember) + ‎-ung → ‎die Erinnerung (the remembrance, the memory)

Usage notesEdit

  • Note that the -ung suffixed form is different from the gerund which is formed by simply capitalizing the first letter of the verb. The gerund usually refers to the activity in general rather than a specific instance or result. Examples:
    Zeigen Sie mir die Rechnung.
    Show me the bill.
    Rechnen wird in der Schule gelehrt.
    Arithmetic is taught in school.
    Wichtig war die Entdeckung der Radioaktivität.
    The discovery of radioactivity was important.
    Die Wissenschaft schreitet durch Entdecken voran.
    Science progresses by discovery.
    Meine Erinnerung an das Ereignis ist eher vage.
    My memory of the event is rather vague.
    Emotionen machen den Unterschied zwischen Erinnern und Vergessen aus.
    Emotions make the difference between remembering and forgetting.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German -unga, from Proto-Germanic *-ungō. Cognate with German -ung, English -ing.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ung

  1. used to form nouns from verbs

Derived termsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ung

  1. Alternative form of -ing

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *-ungō. Cognate with Old Saxon -unga (Low German -inge, -ing), Old Dutch -inga, -unga (Dutch -ing), Old High German -unga (German -ung), Old Norse -ung, -ing (Swedish -ing).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ung

  1. forming nouns from verbs, denoting verbal action or an instance of it; or denoting a substance involved in the verbal action

Usage notesEdit

  • -ung is the variant of -ing used with Class 1a and Class 2 Weak verbs ending in -ian.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: -ung, -unge, -unge, -inge, -ing