Contents

LatinEdit

Iuppiter Tonans (late first century statue)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The nominative Iuppiter, for Iūpiter (with shift of the length from vowel to consonant per the "littera" rule), comes from a vocative combined with pater, and essentially meant "father Jove": Proto-Italic *djous patēr, from *djous ‎(day, sky) + *patēr ‎(father), from Proto-Indo-European *dyḗws ‎(lit. the bright one), root nomen agentis from *dyew- ‎(to be bright, day sky). It is cognate with Umbrian 𐌉𐌖𐌐𐌀𐌕𐌄𐌓 ‎(iupater), and in other Indo-European branches also Sanskrit द्यौष्पितृ ‎(dyauṣ-pitṛ), Ancient Greek Ζεῦ πατήρ ‎(Zeû patḗr, o father Zeus).

The oblique cases Iov-, Iovis continue the inflection of Proto-Indo-European *dyḗws. Cognates are Latin diēs (from the accusative case) and Ancient Greek Ζεύς ‎(Zeús).

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

Iuppiter m ‎(genitive Iovis); irregular declension

  1. The god Jupiter.
  2. (poetic) The sky.
  3. The planet Jupiter.
    • 1584: Johann Virdung of Hassfurt, De Cognoscendis, et Medendis Morbis ex Corporum Coelestium Positione
      [f. 7r] Ex Peripneumonia, Apoplexia, Pleuriſis cardiaca, Angina, [...] oriuntur.
      [f. 7v] HABENT Namque Planetæ ſpeciales influentias ſuper humani corporis membra ob exiſtentiam eorum in ſignis, vt in Ariete, Saturnus habet pectus. Iupiter ventrem. Mars caput. [etc.]

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative Iuppiter Iovēs
genitive Iovis Iovum
dative Iovī Iovibus
accusative Iovem Iovēs
ablative Iove Iovibus
vocative Iuppiter Iovēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Iuppiter in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
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