Iuppiter Tonans (late first century statue)

Alternative formsEdit


The nominative Iuppiter comes from a vocative combined with pater, and essentially meant "father Jove": Proto-Italic *djous patēr, from *djous (day, sky) + *patēr (father). It is cognate with Umbrian 𐌈𐌖𐌐𐌀𐌕𐌄𐌓 (iupater), and in other Indo-European branches also Sanskrit द्यौष्पितृ (dyauṣ-pitṛ), Ancient Greek Ζεῦ πάτερ (Zeu pater, o father Zeus).

The main root Iov-, Iovis is from Proto-Indo-European *dyew- (sky) (also the source of Latin diēs). It is cognate with Ancient Greek Ζεύς (Zeus), Hittite 𒅆𒍑 (sius), Sanskrit द्यु (dyú).


  • IPA(key): /ˈjup.pi.ter/
  • (file)

Proper nounEdit

Iuppiter m (genitive Iovis); irregular declension

  1. The god Jupiter.
  2. (poetic) The sky.
  3. The planet Jupiter.
    • 1584: Johann Virdung of Hassfurt, De Cognoscendis, et Medendis Morbis ex Corporum Coelestium Positione
      [f. 7r] Ex Peripneumonia, Apoplexia, Pleuriſis cardiaca, Angina, [...] oriuntur.
      [f. 7v] HABENT Namque Planetæ ſpeciales influentias ſuper humani corporis membra ob exiſtentiam eorum in ſignis, vt in Ariete, Saturnus habet pectus. Iupiter ventrem. Mars caput. [etc.]


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative Iuppiter Iovēs
genitive Iovis Iovum
dative Iovī Iovibus
accusative Iovem Iovēs
ablative Iove Iovibus
vocative Iuppiter Iovēs

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

  • Diespiter
Last modified on 19 April 2014, at 13:57