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Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kunją

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Pre-Germanic *ǵn̥h₁-yo-m, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵenh₁- (to beget, to give birth).[1]

NounEdit

*kunją n[1]

  1. kin, family, clan
InflectionEdit
neuter a-stemDeclension of *kunją (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *kunją *kunjō
vocative *kunją *kunjō
accusative *kunją *kunjō
genitive *kunjas, *kunis *kunjǫ̂
dative *kunjai *kunjamaz
instrumental *kunjō *kunjamiz
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Pre-Germanic *ǵn̥h₃-yo-m, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (to know).[2]

NounEdit

*kunją n[2]

  1. omen, portent, miracle
InflectionEdit
neuter a-stemDeclension of *kunją (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *kunją *kunjō
vocative *kunją *kunjō
accusative *kunją *kunjō
genitive *kunjas, *kunis *kunjǫ̂
dative *kunjai *kunjamaz
instrumental *kunjō *kunjamiz
DescendantsEdit
  • Old Norse: kyn
  • Finnic: *koneh (magic) (Pre-Germanic borrowing)
    • Finnish: kone (machine)
    • Karelian: koneh

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*kunja- 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 311
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*kunja- 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 311