See also: Ken, KEN, kén, kèn, kēn, kěn, and -ken

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English kennen(to give birth, conceive, generate, beget; to develop (as a fetus), hatch out (of eggs); to sustain, nourish, nurture), from Old English cennan(to give birth, conceive, generate, beget), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną.

VerbEdit

ken ‎(third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned)

  1. (obsolete) To give birth, conceive, beget, be born; to develop (as a fetus); to nourish, sustain (as life).
    • The Treatise on The Paster Noster (15th c.)
      To the soul this ghostly bread is the learning and the teaching and the understanding in the commandments of God, wherethrough the soul is kenned and lives.

Etymology 2Edit

Northern and Scottish dialects from Middle English kennen, from Old English cennan(make known, declare, acknowledge) originally “to make known”, causative of cunnan(to become acquainted with, to know), from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną, causative of *kunnaną(be able), from which comes the verb can. Cognate with West Frisian kenne(to know; recognise), Dutch kennen(to know), German kennen(to know, be acquainted with someone/something), Old Norse kenna(know, perceive).

The noun meaning “range of sight” is a nautical abbreviation of present participle kenning.

NounEdit

ken ‎(uncountable)

  1. Knowledge, perception, or sight.
    • 1957, United States Congressional serial set - Issue 11976:
      These people, these 20 or 25, were in my ken. Senator Jenner. In his what? Mr. Greenglass. My ken, my line of vision, my knowledge.
    • 1977, Roulhac Toledano, ‎Sally Kittredge Evans, The Esplanade Ridge:
      On this occasion, I wrote to them: "Two more modest and deserving people than you are not in our ken; and it is but fitting that you receive this, preservation's most prestigious prize, for your selfless devotion to the cause through the years.
    • 1999, Catherine Z. Elgin, Considered Judgment:
      Since nothing in our ken differentiates knowledge from luck, something beyond our ken is introduced to do so. But the conviction that we know something is small comfort when coupled with the realization that we cannot tell what.
    • 2012, Keith McCarthy, Nor All Your Tears:
      I couldn't see the funny side myself, but Tristan could; after a while he could hardly control his merriment, in fact, so that he collapsed back on the bed, continuing to chortle, more of his rather unpleasant teeth making an unwelcome appearance in my ken.
  2. (nautical) Range of sight.
Usage notesEdit

In common usage a fossil word, found only in the phrase beyond one’s ken.

Coordinate termsEdit
  • (nautical range of sight): offing
QuotationsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

ken ‎(third-person singular simple present kens, present participle kenning, simple past and past participle kenned or kent)

  1. (transitive, chiefly Scotland) To know, perceive or understand.
  2. (obsolete, chiefly Scotland) To discover by sight; to catch sight of; to descry.
    • 1662 Thomas Salusbury, Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (Dialogue 2):
      I proposed to the Mariners, that it would be of great benefit in Navigation to make use of [the telescope] upon the round-top of a ship, to discover and kenne Vessels afar off.
    • Addison
      We ken them from afar.
    • Shakespeare: Troilus and Cressida Act4 Sc5 line14
      'Tis he. I ken the manner of his gait.
QuotationsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Perhaps from kennel.

NounEdit

ken ‎(plural kens)

  1. (slang, Britain, obsolete) A house, especially a den of thieves.
    • 1828, Bulwer-Lytton, Edward, Pelham: or The Adventures of a Gentleman[3], page 383:
      Ah, Bess, my covess, strike me blind if my sees don't tout your bingo muns in spite of the darkmans. Egad, you carry a bene blink aloft. Come to the ken alone—no! my blowen; did not I tell you I should bring a pater cove, to chop up the whiners for Dawson?
    • 1851, Mayhew, Henry, London Labour and the London Poor, volume 1, page 351:
      Up she goes to any likely ken, where she knows there are women that are married or expect to get married, and commences begging.
Derived termsEdit

AfrikaansEdit

NounEdit

ken ‎(plural kenne)

  1. chin

VerbEdit

ken ‎(present ken, present participle kennende, past participle geken)

  1. To know (a person, a thing), be acquainted with

BretonEdit

AdverbEdit

  1. exclamative adverb : ken (bras) : so (big)
  2. equality adverb : (n'eo ket) ken (bras ha me) : (he/she is not )so (big as me)
  3. negative adverb : (n'ouzon ket) ken : (I don't know) any more

Dupaninan AgtaEdit

NounEdit

ken

  1. skirt

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ken

  1. first-person singular present indicative of kennen
  2. imperative of kennen

AnagramsEdit


FinnishEdit

(index ke)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *ken, from Proto-Uralic *ki. Cognate with Hungarian ki and Ter Sami kie.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈken/
  • Hyphenation: ken
  • Rhymes: -en

PronounEdit

ken

  1. (interrogative, archaic) who; (when followed by a modifier in elative case, -sta/-stä) which one (of + a noun referring to people).
  2. (indefinite, archaic) whoever.

InflectionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Ken is archaic in tone (or dialectal).

SynonymsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of unknown origin.[1]

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ken

  1. (transitive) to smear

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, ISBN 963 7094 01 6

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ken

  1. Romaji transcription of けん
  2. Romaji transcription of ケン

KurdishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ken ?

  1. laugh
  2. smile

LadinoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin quĕm, accusative of qui.

PronounEdit

ken ‎(Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling קיין)

  1. who, whom
  2. whoever, whomever

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

ken

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kén.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kěn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kèn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English cennan(make known, declare, acknowledge), originally "make to know", causative of cunnan(to become acquainted with, to know); from Proto-Germanic *kannijaną.

NounEdit

ken ‎(uncountable)

  1. knowledge or perception

VerbEdit

ken ‎(third-person singular present kens, present participle kennin, past kent, past participle kent)

  1. (transitive) To know, perceive or understand.
    Do ye ken John Peel with his coat so gay? - 19th century Cumbrian ballad
    • Dae ye ken Ken kens Ken?
      Do you know Ken knows Ken?"

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

English can

VerbEdit

ken

  1. can
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 1:29 (translation here):
      Na God i tok olsem, “Mi givim yupela ol kain kain diwai na gras i karim pikinini bilong kaikai. Na yupela i ken kisim kaikai long ol dispela samting.
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Finnic *ken.

PronounEdit

ken ‎(genitive kenen, partitive keda)

  1. who (interrogative)

InflectionEdit

Inflection of ken
nominative sing. ken
genitive sing. kenen
partitive sing. keda
partitive plur.
singular plural
nominative ken
accusative kenen
genitive kenen
partitive keda
essive-instructive kenen
translative keneks
inessive kes
kenes
elative kespäi
kenespäi
illative kehe
kenehe
adessive kel
kenel
ablative kelpäi
kenelpäi
allative kelle
kenele
abessive keneta
comitative kenenke
prolative kedame
approximative I kenenno
approximative II kenennoks
egressive kenennopäi
terminative I kehesai
kenehesai
terminative II kellesai
kenelesai
terminative III
additive I kehepäi
kenehepäi
additive II kellepäi
kenelepäi

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “кто”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika