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See also: -kun, kūn, kǔn, kùn, and kůň

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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Japanese 訓読み, kun-yomi, literally "meaning reading" (i.e. pronunciation based on meaning).

NounEdit

kun (uncountable)

  1. In the Japanese language, the pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character as a native Japanese word that means what the character represents, contrasted with on.
    Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kun

  1. genitive plural of kuna

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Contraction of Old Danish ække uten (nothing but,) from Old Norse ekki (not) and útan (without.)

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

kun

  1. only

SynonymsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kʏn/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

kun

  1. second-person singular present indicative of kunnen
    Kun jij iets doen voor mij?
    Can you do something for me?

Usage notesEdit

As is usual in Dutch, the -t is dropped when the pronoun jij / je immediately follows the verb. However, unlike for all other verbs, the form that results is not identical to the first-person singular, which is kan. The form kan is also frequently used, by analogy with regular verbs, but it may be considered nonstandard by some.

SynonymsEdit


EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cum; Italian, Spanish con

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kun/
  • Hyphenation: kun

PrepositionEdit

kun

  1. in the company of, with
  2. in addition to
  3. characteristic considered separately from the whole
    • L. L. Zamenhof:
      Vorto dirita en ĝusta tempo estas kiel oraj pomoj kun arĝentaj ŝeloj.
      A word said at the right time is like golden apples with silver skins.

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

(index ku)

EtymologyEdit

The singular instructive case of kuka, from Proto-Uralic *ku-. Originally a lesser used variant of kuin; modern differences between the two were introduced when the language was standardized.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

kun

  1. when, as (temporal: at the same time or instant that)
    Sain viestisi, kun olin jo matkalla lentokentälle.
    I got your message when I was already on my way to the airport.
    Hän ilmestyi antamaan ohjeita, kun olin jo saanut työn valmiiksi.
    He showed up to give instructions when I had already finished the job.
  2. often with the clitic -han to express that the event of the main clause takes place immediately after that of the subclause: as soon as
    Tulen tapaamaan sinua, kun(han) saan tämän valmiiksi.
    I will come to see you as soon as I finish this job.
  3. (colloquial) because, since
    En voi tulla huomenna, minulla kun on aamuvuoro.
    I cannot come tomorrow as I have the morning shift.
    Here is a man who would want to see the director.
  4. Short for kunpa.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

PronounEdit

kun

  1. (relative, obsolete, dialectal) that, who, which, where
    Täällä on eräs mies, kun haluaisi tavata johtajaa.
    Täällä on eräs mies, joka haluaisi tavata johtajaa. (standard)
    Synonym: joka

HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkun]
  • Hyphenation: kun

NounEdit

kun (plural kunok)

  1. Cuman (member of a nomadic Turkic people of central Asia)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kun kunok
accusative kunt kunokat
dative kunnak kunoknak
instrumental kunnal kunokkal
causal-final kunért kunokért
translative kunná kunokká
terminative kunig kunokig
essive-formal kunként kunokként
essive-modal
inessive kunban kunokban
superessive kunon kunokon
adessive kunnál kunoknál
illative kunba kunokba
sublative kunra kunokra
allative kunhoz kunokhoz
elative kunból kunokból
delative kunról kunokról
ablative kuntól kunoktól
Possessive forms of kun
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kunom kunjaim
2nd person sing. kunod kunjaid
3rd person sing. kunja kunjai
1st person plural kununk kunjaink
2nd person plural kunotok kunjaitok
3rd person plural kunjuk kunjaik

IdoEdit

PrepositionEdit

kun

  1. with
    Ilu iris kun elu a la parko.
    He went with her to the park.

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

kun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くん

KavalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Hokkien (kûn, skirt).

NounEdit

kun

  1. pants; trousers
  2. skirt; sarong

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

kun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kǔn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kùn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

AdverbEdit

kun

  1. only

NovialEdit

PrepositionEdit

kun

  1. with (in the company of)

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kun f

  1. genitive plural of kuna

Southeastern TepehuanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *kuna.

NounEdit

kun (third person singular possession kunaaꞌn)

  1. husband

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[1] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 115

UzbekEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic кун
Roman kun
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *gün.

NounEdit

kun (plural kunlar)

  1. day
  2. sun

VolapükEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kun (plural kuns)

  1. cow

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • kunül (cow calf, female calf)

Related termsEdit


Wik-MungkanEdit

NounEdit

kun

  1. excrement, faeces, shit

SynonymsEdit