English edit

Etymology edit

From Japanese 訓読み (kun'yomi), literally "meaning reading" (i.e. pronunciation based on meaning).

Noun edit

kun (uncountable)

  1. In the Japanese language, the pronunciation, or reading, of a kanji character as a native Japanese word that means what the character represents, contrasted with on.
    Most kanji have two kinds of reading, called "on" and "kun".

Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Bikol Central edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

kun (Basahan spelling ᜃᜓᜈ᜔)

  1. if, unless
    Synonym: komo
    Kun may dudumanon ka, maiba lugod ako saimo.
    If you're going somewhere, I'll come with you then.

Preposition edit

kun (Basahan spelling ᜃᜓᜈ᜔)

  1. when; at (or as soon as) that time that; if
    Synonym: pag
    Kun mabanggi na, nagluluwas man an mga bituon.
    When the night comes, the stars come out also.

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kun

  1. genitive plural of kuna

Danish edit

Etymology edit

Older ikkun, a contraction of Old Danish ække uten (nothing but), from Old Norse ekki (not) and útan (without, except).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

kun

  1. only

Synonyms edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /kʏn/
  • (file)

Verb edit

kun

  1. second-person singular present indicative of kunnen
    Kun jij iets doen voor mij?
    Can you do something for me?

Usage notes edit

As is usual in Dutch, the -t is dropped when the pronoun jij / je immediately follows the verb. However, unlike for all other verbs, the form that results is not identical to the first-person singular, which is kan. The form kan is also frequently used, by analogy with regular verbs, but it may be considered nonstandard by some.

Synonyms edit

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Latin cum. Compare Italian con, Spanish con, Portuguese com.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

kun

  1. in the company of, with
  2. in addition to
  3. characteristic considered separately from the whole
    • 1961, L. L. Zamenhof, Proverbaro esperanta:
      Vorto dirita en ĝusta tempo estas kiel oraj pomoj kun arĝentaj ŝeloj.
      A word said at the right time is like golden apples with silver skins.

Derived terms edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The singular instructive case of kuka. Originally a lesser used variant of kuin; modern differences between the two were introduced when the language was standardized.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkun/, [ˈkun]
  • Rhymes: -un
  • Syllabification(key): kun

Conjunction edit

kun

  1. when, as, while (temporal: at the same time or instant that)
    Sain viestisi, kun olin jo matkalla lentokentälle.
    I got your message when I was already on my way to the airport.
    Hän ilmestyi antamaan ohjeita, kun olin jo saanut työn valmiiksi.
    He showed up to give instructions when I had already finished the job.
  2. as soon as, once; expresses that the event of the main clause takes place immediately after that of the subclause, often used with the clitic -han
    Tulen tapaamaan sinua, kun(han) saan tämän valmiiksi.
    I will come to see you as soon as I finish this job.
  3. as, because, since (considering that)
    Hän menetti työpaikkansa, kun tuli aina myöhässä.
    She lost her job because she was always late.
    En voi tulla huomenna, minulla kun on aamuvuoro.
    I cannot come tomorrow as I have the morning shift.
  4. Short for kunpa.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Pronoun edit

kun

  1. (relative, colloquial) that, who, which, where
    Synonyms: joka, ken
    Täällä on eräs mies, kun haluaisi tavata johtajaa. [standard: Täällä on eräs mies, joka haluaisi tavata johtajaa.]
    There's a certain man here who'd like to see the leader.
    Kuka se on, kun huutaa? [standard: Kuka se on, ken huutaa?]
    Who is that who is shouting?

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkun]
  • Hyphenation: kun
  • Rhymes: -un

Noun edit

kun (plural kunok)

  1. Cuman (member of a nomadic Turkic people of central Asia)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative kun kunok
accusative kunt kunokat
dative kunnak kunoknak
instrumental kunnal kunokkal
causal-final kunért kunokért
translative kunná kunokká
terminative kunig kunokig
essive-formal kunként kunokként
essive-modal
inessive kunban kunokban
superessive kunon kunokon
adessive kunnál kunoknál
illative kunba kunokba
sublative kunra kunokra
allative kunhoz kunokhoz
elative kunból kunokból
delative kunról kunokról
ablative kuntól kunoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kuné kunoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kunéi kunokéi
Possessive forms of kun
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kunom kunjaim
2nd person sing. kunod kunjaid
3rd person sing. kunja kunjai
1st person plural kununk kunjaink
2nd person plural kunotok kunjaitok
3rd person plural kunjuk kunjaik

Further reading edit

  • kun in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Ido edit

Preposition edit

kun

  1. with
    Ilu iris kun elu a la parko.
    He went with her to the park.

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

kun

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くん

Kavalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Hokkien (kûn, skirt).

Noun edit

kun

  1. pants; trousers
  2. skirt; sarong

Maltese edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

kun

  1. second-person singular imperative of kien

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

kun

  1. Nonstandard spelling of kūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of kǔn.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of kùn.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Middle English edit

Noun edit

kun

  1. Alternative form of kyn

Min Nan edit

Pronunciation edit

Romanization edit

  1. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  2. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  3. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  4. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  5. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  6. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  7. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  8. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of
  9. Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of

References edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Etymology edit

From Danish kun.

Adverb edit

kun

  1. only, merely

Synonyms edit

Nupe edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with Gbari knu.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

kun

  1. to be enough; to be sufficient

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kun f

  1. genitive plural of kuna

Somali edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Cushitic *kum-.

Numeral edit

kun

  1. thousand

References edit

  • “kun” In: Abdullah Umar Mansur (1985) Qaamuska Afsoomaliga.

Southeastern Tepehuan edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Uto-Aztecan *kuna.

Noun edit

kun (third person singular possession kunaaꞌn)

  1. husband

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • R. de Willett, Elizabeth, et al. (2016) Diccionario tepehuano de Santa María Ocotán, Durango (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 48)‎[2] (in Spanish), electronic edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 115

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

kun

  1. Romanization of 𒆲 (kun)

Uzbek edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic кун (kun)
Latin kun
Perso-Arabic

Etymology edit

From Chagataiکون(kün, sun, day), from Proto-Turkic *kün (sun, day).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kun (plural kunlar)

  1. day
  2. sun

Declension edit

Volapük edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

kun (nominative plural kuns)

  1. cow

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

  • kunül (cow calf, female calf)

Related terms edit

Wik-Mungkan edit

Noun edit

kun

  1. excrement, faeces, shit

Synonyms edit

Yámana edit

Noun edit

kun

  1. oil

Yola edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Irish cun (stoutness, thickness).

Noun edit

kun

  1. A masculine, forward woman, a brazen face.

References edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 51