This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

Derived from *sīhwaną (to percolate, filter), from earlier *saigwiz, Pre-Germanic *soykʷís.[1]

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂ey-wo- (to be fierce, afflict) (compare Latin saevus (wild, fierce), Tocharian saiwe (itch), Latvian sievs, sīvs (sharp, biting)).[2] Compare *sairaz (sore, painful).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

*saiwiz m

  1. body of water: lake, sea, ocean

Inflection edit

i-stemDeclension of *saiwiz (i-stem)
singular plural
nominative *saiwiz *saiwīz
vocative *saiwi *saiwīz
accusative *saiwį *saiwinz
genitive *saiwīz *saiwijǫ̂
dative *saiwī *saiwimaz
instrumental *saiwī *saiwimiz

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Vladimir Orel, A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, s.v. "saiwiz" (Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2003), 314.