Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/warmaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Two different etymologies have been proposed.

  1. From Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰór-mo-s, from *gʷʰer- (warm, hot) +‎ *-mos, related to Ancient Greek θερμός (thermós), Latin formus, Persian گرم(garm) and Sanskrit घर्म (gharma).[1]
  2. From Proto-Indo-European *wór-mo-s, from *wer- (to burn) +‎ *-mos, related to Hittite [script needed] (warnuzi).[2]

The dispute is due to differing hypotheses on how Proto-Indo-European initial *gʷʰ- evolved in Germanic. Some maintain that *gʷʰ would have turned to *b, and therefore that the root *gʷʰer- would instead have given rise to *ber- (to burn) etc. (compare *banô < *gʷʰon-ō). A counterargument (e.g. Kroonen (2013: p. xxviii)) is that Germanic *w is in fact the usual outcome of *gʷʰ, citing uncontroversial examples such as *snaiwaz < *snóygʷʰos and *neurô < *négʷʰrō. There have also been etymologies proposing a merger of the two roots.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

*warmaz[1][2]

  1. warm (having a higher temperature than usual)
    Synonym: *haitaz (hot)
    Antonym: *kaldaz

InflectionEdit


Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “*warma-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 575
  2. 2.0 2.1 Orel, Vladimir (2003) , “*warmaz”, in A Handbook of Germanic Etymology, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 449