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Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-Hō

(Redirected from Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-h₃onh₂-)
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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Contents

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

ReconstructionEdit

In literature this morpheme might be referred to as "Hoffmann's suffix". It is often reconstructed with a *h₃ on the basis of vocalism, although some authorities might also reconstruct an unspecified laringeal, *H.

SuffixEdit

*-Hō[2][3]

  1. Derives adjectives, nouns denoting burden, authority.

InflectionEdit

Athematic
masculine feminine
nominative *(é)-Hō *(Ø)-Hénih₂
genitive *(Ø)-Hnés *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *(é)-Hō *(é)-Honh₁(e) *(é)-Hones
vocative *(é)-Hon *(é)-Honh₁(e) *(é)-Hones
accusative *(é)-Honm̥ *(é)-Honh₁(e) *(é)-Honm̥s
genitive *(Ø)-Hnés *? *(Ø)-HnóHom
ablative *(Ø)-Hnés *? *(Ø)-Hn̥mós
dative *(Ø)-Hnéy *? *(Ø)-Hn̥mós
locative *(Ø)-Hén, (Ø)-Héni *? *(Ø)-Hn̥sú
instrumental *(Ø)-Hnéh₁ *? *(Ø)-Hn̥bʰí
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *(Ø)-Hénih₂ *(Ø)-Hénih₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-Hénih₂es
vocative *(Ø)-Hénih₂ *(Ø)-Hénih₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-Hénih₂es
accusative *(Ø)-Hénih₂m̥ *(Ø)-Hénih₂h₁(e) *(Ø)-Hénih₂m̥s
genitive *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂s *? *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂oHom
ablative *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂s *? *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂mos
dative *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂ey *? *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂mos
locative *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂, *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂i *? *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂su
instrumental *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂h₁ *? *(Ø)-Hn̥yéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *(é)-Hon *(é)-Honih₁ *(é)-Hō
vocative *(é)-Hon *(é)-Honih₁ *(é)-Hō
accusative *(é)-Hon *(é)-Honih₁ *(é)-Hō
genitive *(Ø)-Hnés *? *(Ø)-HnóHom
ablative *(Ø)-Hnés *? *(Ø)-Hn̥mós
dative *(Ø)-Hnéy *? *(Ø)-Hn̥mós
locative *(Ø)-Hén, (Ø)-Héni *? *(Ø)-Hn̥sú
instrumental *(Ø)-Hnéh₁ *? *(Ø)-Hn̥bʰí

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Hellenic:
  • Italic:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ CLARKSON, James, Indo-European Word Formation: Proceedings from the International Conference, 2002
  2. ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell, page 111
  3. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press, page 63