-tio

Contents

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ti-stem + , from Proto-Indo-European *-tyen-, from *-ti(s) and possibly *-en- or *-h₃onh₂-.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-tiō f ‎(genitive -tiōnis); third declension

  1. -tion, -ation, -ing; used to form a noun relating to some action.

Usage notesEdit

The suffix -tiō is added to the supine form of a verb to create a third-declension noun naming the verb's action or the result of that action.

Examples:
dictātiō ‎(a dictating, dictation), from dictātum, supine of dictō ‎(I dictate)
quadripartītiō ‎(a division into four parts), from quadripartītum, supine of quadripartiō ‎(I divide in four parts)

The suffix is occasionally added to other parts of speech, or appears in situations where no related verb apparently exists.

gradātiō ‎(making of a staircase or steps), from gradus ‎(step, pace).
mentiō ‎(a mention), from mēns ‎(mind, disposition)

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative -tiō -tiōnēs
genitive -tiōnis -tiōnum
dative -tiōnī -tiōnibus
accusative -tiōnem -tiōnēs
ablative -tiōne -tiōnibus
vocative -tiō -tiōnēs

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Jean Haudry, L'indo-européen; page 55/56
  • Andrew L. Sihler (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, New York, Oxford, Oxford University Press
Read in another language