Reconstruction:Proto-Semitic/-at

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This Proto-Semitic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SemiticEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Proto-Afroasiatic *-t (feminine suffix). The semantic extension from feminine to abstract/collective is comparable to the one of Proto-Indo-European *-h₂.

SuffixEdit

*-at f

  1. Feminine-forming suffix.
    1. Abstract/collective-forming suffix.
    Synonym: *-ay (on certain words)

NotesEdit

  • Syncopation of unstressed vowels caused the form *-t to appear in many nouns; in some descendants, this distinction became lexicalized.
  • Proto-Semitic numerals from three to ten were formed adding the abstract/collective suffix *-at to the root. The bare root morpheme continued to be used with feminine nouns, which led to a phenomenon of gendered numerals in various Semitic languages.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Arabic: ة‎(-ah)
    • Maltese: -a
  • Hebrew: ־ה(-ah, feminine suffix)
    • Yiddish: ־ה(-e)
  • Hebrew: ית(-ít, feminine suffix)
  • Hebrew: ־ות(-ut, abstract/collective and feminine suffix)

ReferencesEdit

  • Huehnergard, John (2019) , “Proto-Semitic”, in Huehnergard, John and Na'ama Pat-El, editors, The Semitic Languages, 2nd edition, Routledge, →ISBN