EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

The Esperanto suffixes -as, -is, -os, -us are related, and appear to have been inspired by previous language projects:

This play of vowels is not an original idea of Zamenhof's: -as, -is, -os are found for the three tenses of the infinitive in Faiguet's system of 1765; -a, -i, -o without a consonant are used like Z's -as, -is, -os by Rudelle (1858); Courtonne in 1885 had -am, -im, -om in the same values, and the similarity with Esperanto is here even more perfect than in the other projects, as -um corresponds to Z's -us.An International Language (1928)

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. will; ending of future tense in verbs.
    Mi iros al la vendejo. — “I will go to the store.”

FinnishEdit

SuffixEdit

-os (front vowel harmony variant -ös)

  1. Forms nouns denoting the result of the action of a verb.
    liittää "to join": liitos "joining, joint"
    muuntaa "to change, convert": muunnos "conversion"

Usage notesEdit

Roots with the neutral front vowels e, i take the back-vocalic allomorph -os (e.g. piirtää (to draw) → piirros (drawing)). The form -ös is only used when the first syllable of the root contains a front rounded vowel (eg. näyttää (to show) → näytös (act)).

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. (slang) Slang ending of nouns, adjectives and adverbs; without changing the meaning.

Derived termsEdit

Nouns :

Adjectives :

Adverbs :


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something".
    kar (arm) → karos (something with an arm), for example karosszék (armchair, a chair with an arm)
  2. Added to a noun to form a noun, for example an occupation or a collective noun.
    asztal (table) → asztalos (carpenter)
    akác (acacia) → akácos (acacia grove)
  3. Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    hat (six) → hatos (the digit or figure six)

Usage notesEdit

  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

See alsoEdit


PortugueseEdit

SuffixEdit

-os m pl

  1. plural form of -o
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 308:
      Você notou os cabelos dela, são negros e brilhantes e macios...
      You noticed her hair, it's dark and brilliant and soft...

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ōsus (full (of)).

SuffixEdit

-os m (f singular -oasă, m plural -oși, f plural -oase)

  1. -ous; used to form adjectives.

Derived termsEdit

Last modified on 5 April 2014, at 19:42