-os

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the traditional Ashkenazi pronunciation of Hebrew ־וֹת ‎(-ót), and its Yiddish [Term?] reflex.

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. Used to form plurals of some Hebrew and Yiddish loanwords, usually ending in -a or -ah.

SynonymsEdit

  • (forming plurals of Hebrew loanwords): -as, -ahs, -ot, -oth

Derived termsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ōsus.

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. -ous; used to form adjectives

Derived termsEdit



EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

The Esperanto suffixes -as, -is, -os, -us are related, and appear to have been inspired by previous language projects:

This play of vowels is not an original idea of Zamenhof's: -as, -is, -os are found for the three tenses of the infinitive in Faiguet's system of 1765; -a, -i, -o without a consonant are used like Z's -as, -is, -os by Rudelle (1858); Courtonne in 1885 had -am, -im, -om in the same values, and the similarity with Esperanto is here even more perfect than in the other projects, as -um corresponds to Z's -us.An International Language (1928)

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. will; ending of future tense in verbs.
    Mi iros al la vendejo.‎ ― I will go to the store.

FinnishEdit

SuffixEdit

-os ‎(front vowel harmony variant -ös)

  1. Forms nouns denoting the result of the action of a verb.
    liittää ‎(to join) → liitos ‎(joining, joint)
    muuntaa ‎(to change, convert) → muunnos ‎(conversion)

Usage notesEdit

Roots with the neutral front vowels e, i take the back-vocalic allomorph -os (e.g. piirtää ‎(to draw) → piirros ‎(drawing)). The form -ös is only used when the first syllable of the root contains a front rounded vowel (e.g. näyttää ‎(to show) → näytös ‎(act)).

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of -os (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative -os -okset
genitive -oksen -osten
-oksien
partitive -osta -oksia
illative -okseen -oksiin
singular plural
nominative -os -okset
accusative nom. -os -okset
gen. -oksen
genitive -oksen -osten
-oksien
partitive -osta -oksia
inessive -oksessa -oksissa
elative -oksesta -oksista
illative -okseen -oksiin
adessive -oksella -oksilla
ablative -okselta -oksilta
allative -okselle -oksille
essive -oksena -oksina
translative -okseksi -oksiksi
instructive -oksin
abessive -oksetta -oksitta
comitative -oksineen

Derived termsEdit



FrenchEdit

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. (slang) Slang ending of nouns, adjectives and adverbs; without changing the meaning.

Derived termsEdit

Nouns :

Adjectives :

Adverbs :


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-os

  1. (adjective suffix) Added to a noun to form an adjective meaning "having something".
    kar ‎(arm) → karos ‎(something with an arm), for example karosszék ‎(armchair, a chair with an arm)
  2. (noun suffix) Added to a noun to form a noun, for example an occupation or a collective noun.
    asztal ‎(table) → asztalos ‎(carpenter)
    akác ‎(acacia) → akácos ‎(acacia grove)
  3. (number suffix) Added to an ordinal number to form a digit or figure.
    hat ‎(six) → hatos ‎(the digit or figure six)
  4. (frequentative suffix) Added to a verb to form a new verb expressing repetitive action. No longer productive in this sense.
    fut ‎(to run) → futos ‎(to run back and forth) (dated, modern version futkos)

Usage notesEdit

  • (all senses) Harmonic variants:
    -s is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -os is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -as is added to other back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -es is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ös is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ōs

  1. accusative masculine plural of -us

PortugueseEdit

SuffixEdit

-os m pl

  1. plural of -o
    • 2007, Lya Wyler (translator), J. K. Rowling (English author), Harry Potter e as Relíquias da Morte (Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows), Rocco, page 308:
      Você notou os cabelos dela, são negros e brilhantes e macios...
      You noticed her hair, it's dark and brilliant and soft...

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin -ōsus ‎(full (of)).

SuffixEdit

-os m ‎(f singular -oasă, m plural -oși, f plural -oase)

  1. -ous; used to form adjectives.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

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