Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/b-r-gja

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *priaʔ (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *b-r-gya (Matisoff, STEDT); *r-gya (Weidert, 1987; Benedict, 1972; LaPolla, 1987); *r-gyɑ (Chou, 1972).

It appears that this root was influenced by the root for "eight" (*b-r-gjat ~ b-g-rjat), despite the fact that these two numerals are not neighbours in linear order.

NumeralEdit

*b-r-gja

  1. hundred

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: (*pˁrak (B-S), *praːg (ZS))
    • Middle Chinese: /pˠæk̚/

         Japanese:   (ひゃく, ​hyaku)
            Korean:   (, baek)
            Vietnamese:  bách ()

    •    Ai-Cham:  pek⁷
            Lao:  ປາກ (pāk)
            Shan:  ပၢၵ် (pǎak)

      • Mandarin:
        Standard: (bǎi, bó) /paɪ̯²¹⁴/, /pu̯ɔ³⁵/
        Dungan: бый (bɨy) /pɨi²⁴/
      • Cantonese:
        Guangzhou: (baak3) /pɑːk̚³/
      • Hakka:
        Sixian: (pak) /pak̚²/
      • Min Dong:
        Fuzhounese: (báh (vernacular), báik (literary)) /pɑʔ²⁴/, /paiʔ²⁴/
      • Min Nan:
        Hokkien:
        Kaohsiung, Taipei, Xiamen: (pah, peh (vernacular), pek (literary)) /paʔ³²/, /peʔ³²/, /piɪk̚³²/
        Quanzhou: (pah, peh (vernacular), piak (literary)) /paʔ⁵/, /peʔ⁵/, /piak̚⁵/
        Zhangzhou: (peeh (vernacular), pek (literary)) /pɛʔ³²/, /piɪk̚³²/
        Teochew: (bêh4) /peʔ²/
      • Wu:
        Shanghainese: (paq4) /pa̠ʔ⁵⁵/
  • Tibeto-Burman:
    • Bodic:
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish:
      • Loloish:
        • Sichuan Yi: (hxa)
    • Qiangic
  • Karen: *g-rjaᴬ (Luangthongkum, 2013)