Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/d-k-ruk

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *dljəkʷ (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *d-k-ruk (Matisoff, 2003, STEDT); *d-kruk (Matisoff, 2003); *d-ruk (Chou, 1972; Benedict, 1972); *d-ruk ⪤ d-k-rok (LaPolla, 1987)

NumeralEdit

*d-k-ruk

  1. six

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: (*k.ruk (B-S), *rug (ZS), six)
    (in the oracle bone script)  

    Proto-Tai*krokᴰ (six) (whence Thai หก (hòk), Lao ຫົກ (hok))

    • Middle Chinese: /lɨuk/

      Japanese:  (ろく, ​roku)
      Korean:  (, yuk)
      Vietnamese: lục ()

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (liù, /li̯oʊ̯⁵¹/)
        • Chengdu: /nu²¹/
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /lʊk̚²/
      • Hakka
        • Sixian: /li̯uk̚²/
        • Meixian: /liʊk̚¹/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /lʊ̆ʔ¹²/
    • Min
      • Min Bei
        Jian'ou: /ly⁴²/
      • Min Dong
        Fuzhou: /l̃øyʔ⁵/
      • Min Nan
        Hokkien:
        Quanzhou: /lak̚²⁴/ (colloquial), /liɔk̚²⁴/ (literary)
        Xiamen, Kaohsiung, Taipei: /lak̚⁴/ (colloquial), /liɔk̚⁴/ (literary)
        Zhangzhou: /lak̚¹²¹/ (colloquial), /liɔk̚¹²¹/ (literary)
        Teochew: /lak̚⁴/
  • Himalayish
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • Northern Tangut
      • Tangut: 𗤁 (tśhjiw, /*t͡ɕʰɪw⁵⁵/, six)
    • rGyalrongic
      • Situ: (kə)tɽoʔk
  • Jingpho-Asakian
    • Jingpho
      • Jingpho [Kachin]: kru (six)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (fut, six)
  • Karen: *khrowᴬ (Luangthongkum, 2013)
    • S'gaw Karen: ဃု (ghu, six)