Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/gip

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *grip (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *gip (Matisoff, STEDT; Benedict, 1972; Chou, 1972)

NumeralEdit

*gip

  1. ten

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*t.ɡəp/ (B-S), /*ɡjub/ (ZS) ("ten")

       Khmer:  ដប់ (dop, ten)

    ( in the oracle bone script)  
    ( in the small seal script)  
    • Middle Chinese: /d͡ʑiɪp/

         Japanese:   (じゅう, ​)
            Korean:   (, sip)
            Vietnamese:  thập ()

    •    Thai:  สิบ (sip, ten)
            Lao:  ສິບ (sip, ten)
            Shan:  သိပ်း (síp, ten)

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (shí, /ʂʐ̩³⁵/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /sɐp̚²/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /z̻ə̆ʔ¹²/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /t͡sap̚⁵/ (colloquial), /ɕip̚⁵/ (literary)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • Northern Tangut
      • Tangut: 𗫥 (dźjɨ̣, /*d͡ʑʲɨ⁵⁵/, ten, decade)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ကျိပ် (kyip, numerical classifier denoting "tens")

See alsoEdit