Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/d/s-kəw

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-TibetanEdit

EtymologyEdit

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *d-kəw (Chou, 1972); *dkʷjəɣʷ (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *d/s-kəw (Matisoff, 2003, STEDT; Mortensen, 2012); *s-kwa (Matisoff, 2003); *d-kuw (Benedict, 1972; Chou, 1972; Matisoff, 1983; LaPolla, 1987; Weidert, 1987)

NumeralEdit

*d/s-kəw

  1. nine

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Chinese: /*kuʔ/ (B-S; ZS)
    • Middle Chinese: (kɨuX)

         Japanese:   (きゅう, ​kyū)
            Korean:   (, gu)
            Vietnamese:  cửu ()

      • Mandarin:
        Standard: (jiǔ) /t͡ɕi̯oʊ̯²¹⁴/
        Sichuanese: (jiu3) /t͡ɕiəu⁵³/
        Dungan: җю (ži͡u) /t͡ɕiou⁵¹/
      • Cantonese:
        Guangzhou: (gau2) /kɐu̯³⁵/
        Taishanese: (giu2) /kiu⁵⁵/
      • Hakka:
        Sixian: (kiú) /ki̯u³¹/
        Meixian: (giu3) /kiu³¹/
      • Wu:
        Shanghainese: (jieu) /t͡ɕiɜ³⁴/
      • Min:
        • Min Bei:
          Jian'ou: (giǔ) /kiu²¹/
        • Min Dong:
          Fuzhounese: (gāu (vernacular), giū (literary)) /kau³³/, /kieu³³/
        • Min Nan:
          Hokkien: (káu (vernacular), kiú (literary))
          Xiamen: /kaʊ⁵³/, /kiu⁵³/
          Kaohsiung: /kaʊ⁴¹/, /kiu⁴¹/
          Quanzhou: /kaʊ⁵⁵⁴/, /kiu⁵⁵⁴/
          Taipei: /kaʊ⁵³/, /kiu⁵³/
          Zhangzhou: /kaʊ⁵³/, /kiu⁵³/
          Teochew: (gao2 (vernacular), giu2 (literary)) /kau⁵²/, /kiu⁵²/
      • Tai: *kɤwᶜ (see there for further descendants)
  • Tibeto-Burman:
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
    • Lolo-Burmese:
    • Qiangic:
      • Tangut: 𗢭 (gjɨ), /*ɡʲʏ⁵⁵/
    • Sal:
  • Karen: *khwiᴬ (Luangthongkum, 2013)