See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
十-order.gif
Stroke order
十-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

The idea of the strokes that make up 十 is one of compression into a single unit. Thus, 十 acquires the meaning of ten because it is a major unit used in counting.

十 十 十 十
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 24 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十 (J), four-corner 40000)

  1. ten, tenth
  2. complete
  3. perfect
  4. KangXi radical

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 155, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 348, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 58, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5341

See alsoEdit


CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping sap6, Yale sap6)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ shi̍p, Guangdong ship8 [Meixian], s'ip8 [Hailu], Hagfa Pinyim sib6)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal :

(じゅう, )

十 (とお, )
十 (, to)
  1. ten

Etymology 1Edit

/so1/: [so].

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. ten; used in compounds
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/to2/: [tə] > [to].

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. ten

Etymology 3Edit

/to2wo/: [təwo] > [towo] > [too] > [toː].

NounEdit

(hiragana とお, historical hiragana とを, romaji )

  1. ten

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sip, McCune-Reischauer: ship, Yale: sip)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: yeol, McCune-Reischauer: yŏl, Yale: yel)
  1. ( , yeol sip): ten, ten times.

CompoundsEdit

  • 十字 (십자, sipja) the character "十" or its shape, hence, cross, chi, X, +, etc.
  • 十中八九 (십중팔구, sipjung-palgu) eight or nine out of ten.
  • 十干 (십간)
  • 十二支 (십이지)

ReferencesEdit


MandarinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese *dzyip, from Old Chinese *gyip, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-tsip (compare Classical Tibetan bchu)

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin shí (shi2), Wade-Giles shih2)

CompoundsEdit

NumeralEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin shí)

  1. ten

SynonymsEdit

  • Banker's numerals : ,

See alsoEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(*zhip)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA si̍p (sip8), tsa̍p (tsap8), Guangdong sip8, zap8)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

ReadingsEdit

NumberEdit

  1. Han form of mười (ten)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


WuEdit

PronunciationEdit

Latin Alphabet: suoˇ

Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄙㄨㄛˇ

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:35