U+5341, 十
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5341

[U+5340]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5342]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 24 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十 (J), four-corner 40000, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #24, (ten).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 155, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 348, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 58, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5341

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms financial
financial/nonstandard

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kjum, *kjums
*kjub
*kʰljub
*ɡjub
*ɡjub

Unlike , which was one horizontal stroke meaning one, was originally simply a vertical stroke. In later forms was added, forming a cross.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gip.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • cha̍p - vernacular;
  • si̍p - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /ʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕi²²/
Tunxi /ɕi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /səp̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʃïp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐp̚²/
Nanning /sɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /sɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sip̚⁵/
/t͡sap̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁵⁴/
/si⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sap̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tap̚³/
/tɔp̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (141)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑip̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjep̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑip̚/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəp̚/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyip ›
Old
Chinese
/*t.[ɡ]əp/
English ten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11452
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjub/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ten
  2. (figuratively) topmost; utmost
  3. (figuratively) complete

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal :

(じゅう, )

十 (とお, )
十 (, to)
  1. ten

Etymology 1Edit

/so1/: [so].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. ten; used in compounds
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/to2/: [tə] > [to].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. ten

Etymology 3Edit

/to2wo/: [təwo] > [towo] > [too] > [toː].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とお, romaji , historical hiragana とを)

  1. ten

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sip, McCune-Reischauer: ship, Yale: sip)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: yeol, McCune-Reischauer: yŏl, Yale: yel)
  1. ( , yeol sip): ten, ten times.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

ReadingsEdit

NumberEdit

  1. Han form of mười (ten)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit