Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5341
Code point U+5341
Entity number 十
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5340] [U+5342]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
十-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
十-oracle.svg 十-bronze.svg 十-silk.svg 十-bigseal.svg 十-seal.svg

Unlike , which was one horizontal stroke meaning one, 十 was originally simply a vertical stroke. In later forms 一 was added, forming a cross.

Han characterEdit

(radical 24 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 十 (J), four-corner 40000, composition)

  1. KangXi radical

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 155, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2695
  • Dae Jaweon: page 348, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 58, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5341

See alsoEdit

  • (Chinese financial form):
  • (Powers of ten):

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
Chinese cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal :

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gip. Compare Classical Tibetan [script needed] ‎(kyip).

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /ʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xining /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʂəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /səʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /ʂʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕi²²/
Tunxi /ɕi¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /səp̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʃïp̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐp̚²/
Nanning /sɐp̚²²/
Hong Kong /sɐp̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sip̚⁵/
/t͡sap̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁵⁴/
/si⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sap̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tap̚³/
/tɔp̚³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiɪp̚/ /ʑi̯əp̚/ /ʑiəp̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /d͡ʑip̚/ /ʑĭĕp̚/ /d͡ʑjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ dzyip › /*t.[ɡ]əp/ ten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11452 3 /*ɡjub/

NumeralEdit

  1. ten

See alsoEdit

Chinese numbers
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 102 103 104 108 1012
Cardinal

亿
Financial




亿

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumberEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal :

(じゅう, )

十 (とお, )
十 (, to)
  1. ten

Etymology 1Edit

/so1/: [so].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji so)

  1. ten; used in compounds
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

/to2/: [tə] > [to].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji to)

  1. ten

Etymology 3Edit

/to2wo/: [təwo] > [towo] > [too] > [toː].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana とお, romaji , historical hiragana とを)

  1. ten

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sip)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sip, McCune-Reischauer: ship, Yale: sip)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: yeol, McCune-Reischauer: yŏl, Yale: yel)
  1. ( , yeol sip): ten, ten times.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

ReadingsEdit

NumberEdit

  1. Han form of mười (ten)

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

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