Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/arpa

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This Proto-Turkic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-TurkicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly borrowed from Northeastern Iranian[1][2], from Proto-Iranian *Hr̥pā́š (barley), or perhaps Tocharian[3], both from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élbʰit. Alternatively from *ar- (to multiply oneself, be numerous), whence Old Turkic [script needed] (arka, multitude, crowd).[4] The term appears to be related to Proto-Mongolic *arbaï (barley) as well, possibly through borrowing. Compare also Mongolian арвай (arvay), Dongxiang apa.[5][6]

NounEdit

*arpa[7][2]

  1. barley

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Oghur:
    • Chuvash: урпа (urp̬a)

See alsoEdit

Foods - *yẹ̄miĺčler
barley: *arpa beans, peas: *burčak farro: *bodu
(>*bodugay>*bogday “wheat”)
jujube: *yidge strawberry: *yidgelek apple: *almïla
hazelnut: *bōńurï walnut: *yaŋgak honey: *bạl
millet: *tạrïg onion: *sogan salt: *tūŕ
egg: *yumurtka butter: *yāg mushroom: *kömbe

Further readingEdit

  • Hyllested, Adam (2014) Word Exchange at the Gates of Europe: Five Millennia of Language Contact[4], Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Humanities, pages 32-33

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jokl, Norbert (1911) Studien zur albanesischen Etymologie und Wortbildung (Sitzungsberichte der Philosophisch-Historischen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften; 168) (in German), Vienna: A. Hölder, page 90
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dybo, Anna (2014), “Early contacts of Turks and problems of Proto-Turkic reconstruction”, in Tatarica[1], volume 2, page 9
  3. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972), “?F arpa”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 198b
  4. ^ Tatarincev, B. I. (2000–2008), “Proto-Turkic/arpa”, in Monguš D. A., editor, Etimologičeskij slovarʹ tuvinskovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Tuvan Language] (in Russian), Novosibirsk: Nauka
  5. ^ Tokat, Feyza (2014), “On the Common Words in Mongolian and the Turkish Dialects in Turkey”, in The Journal of International Social Research (Uluslararası Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi)[2], volume 7, issue 32, ISSN 1307-9581, pages 185-198.
  6. ^ Nugteren, Hans (2011) Mongolic phonology and the Qinghai-Gansu languages (dissertation)‎[3], Utrecht: LOT
  7. ^ Tenišev E. R., editor (2001), “*arpa”, in Sravnitelʹno-istoričeskaja grammatika tjurkskix jazykov: Leksika [Comparative Historical Grammar of Turkic Languages: Lexis] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Nauka, pages 460-461