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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English and-, ond-, from Old English and-, ond- (against, back), from Proto-Germanic *and-, *anda-, *andi- (across, opposite, against, away), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti (across, forth). Cognate with Dutch ont-, German ant-, ent-, emp-, Icelandic and-, Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳- (and-), Latin ante (before), Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. (no longer productive) A prefix of Old English origin meaning "against", "back", "in return", "away", represented in Modern English by a-, an-, on-, and in altered form by the reverse-action prefix un- (e.g. unbuckle). Also as the initial letter d in dread (< Old English ondrǣdan).
    along
    answer
    onfang

ReferencesEdit

  • and- in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

AnagramsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

and-

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌽𐌳-

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse and-.

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. anti-, against, opposing

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse and-, from Proto-Germanic *anda-, *andi-. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ent- (face, front).

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. against, opposite

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *andi-, representive of a combining form of and (and). Cognate with Middle Dutch ont- (Dutch ont-), Old High German ant- (German ant-, ent-), Old Norse and- (Icelandic and- (against, anti-, opposed to, in the face of), Swedish an-), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳- (and-).

PronunciationEdit

Usage notesEdit

This prefix was usually stressed; when unstressed, it weakened to an-, on-, also a-.

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. forming compounds words with the sense "against, opposing"; opposition
    andsaca (opponent, adversary)
  2. in return, back
    andswaru "answer, reply"
  3. facing, toward; completely, fully
    andweard "present time"
    andlang "entire, continuous"
    andweorc (substance, matter, cause); andleofen, andleofa (nourishment, sustenance)
  4. without

SynonymsEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *anda-, *andi-. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ent- (face, forehead, front).

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. denotes whatever is opposite, against, towards
    and- + ‎vitni (testimony) → ‎andvitni (contradictory testimony)
  2. (by extension) hostile, adverse

Usage notesEdit

The spellings an- or ann- are often used in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: and-
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: and-
  • Norwegian Bokmål: and-

ReferencesEdit

  • and- in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *andi-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. forming compound words with the sense "against, opposing"; opposition
    andsako (enemy, adversary)
  2. in return, back
    andswor "answer"
  3. facing, toward; completely, fully
    andward "present time"
  4. without