EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English and-, ond-, from Old English and-, ond- (against, back), from Proto-Germanic *and-, *anda-, *andi- (across, opposite, against, away), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂énti (across, forth). Cognate with Dutch ont-, German ant-, ent-, emp-, Icelandic and-, Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳- (and-), Latin ante (before), Ancient Greek ἀντί (antí, against).

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. (no longer productive) A prefix of Old English origin meaning "against", "back", "in return", "away", represented in Modern English by a-, an-, on-, and in altered form by the reverse-action prefix un- (e.g. unbuckle). Also as the initial letter d in dread (< Old English ondrǣdan).
    along
    answer
    onfang

ReferencesEdit

  • and- in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

AnagramsEdit


GothicEdit

RomanizationEdit

and-

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌽𐌳-

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse and-.

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. anti-, against, opposing

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse and-, from Proto-Germanic *anda-, *andi-. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ent- (face, front).

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. against, opposite

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *andi-, representive of a combining form of and (and). Cognate with Middle Dutch ont- (Dutch ont-), Old High German ant- (German ant-, ent-), Old Norse and- (Icelandic and- (against, anti-, opposed to, in the face of), Swedish an-), Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌳- (and-).

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. against, opposing
    andsacaopponent, adversary
  2. in return, back
    andswaruanswer, reply
  3. facing, toward
    andweardpresent time
  4. completely, fully
    andlangentire, continuous
    andweorcsubstance, matter, cause
    andleofen(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    ,
    andleofanourishment, sustenance
  5. without

Usage notesEdit

This prefix was usually stressed; when unstressed, it weakened to an-, on-, or sometimes a-.

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit


Old NorseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *anda-, *andi-. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ent- (face, forehead, front).

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. denotes whatever is opposite, against, towards
    and- + ‎vitni (testimony) → ‎andvitni (contradictory testimony)
  2. (by extension) hostile, adverse

Usage notesEdit

The spellings an- or ann- are often used in compounds.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Icelandic: and-
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: and-
  • Norwegian Bokmål: and-

ReferencesEdit

  • and- in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *andi-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

and-

  1. against, opposing; opposition
    andsako (enemy, adversary)
  2. in return, back
    andswor "answer"
  3. facing, toward; completely, fully
    andward "present time"
  4. without