See also: beim

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish béim, from Proto-Celtic *bēsman, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyh₂- (to strike).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

béim f (genitive singular béime, nominative plural béimeanna)

  1. a blow (act of striking or hitting), stroke (blow or hit)
    Synonyms: buille, cíonán
  2. emphasis (special weight or forcefulness given to something considered important), stress (on a point in an argument)
  3. (music) beat (pulse on the beat level)
    Synonym: buille
  4. (phonology) accent (stronger articulation), stress
    Synonyms: aiceann, béim ghutha

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
béim bhéim mbéim
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *bēsman (Breton boem, Cornish bom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyh₂- (whence also the corresponding verb benaid) + *-smn̥.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

béim n (genitive béimme, nominative plural béimmen)

  1. verbal noun of benaid
  2. a blow (act of striking or hitting), stroke (blow or hit)
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 4d15
      In Belzefuth: is béss didu ind lïacc benir il-béim friss, et intí do·thuit foir ɔ·boing a chnámi, intí fora tuit-som immurgu at·bail-side.
      The Beelzebub: it is the custom, then, of the stone that many blows are hit against it, and he who falls upon it breaks his bones; however, he whom it falls on perishes

DeclensionEdit

Neuter n-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative béimN béimN béimmenL
Vocative béimN béimN béimmenL
Accusative béimN béimN béimmenL
Genitive béimme béimmenN béimmenN
Dative béimmimL, béim béimmenaib béimmenaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: béim

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
béim béim
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbéim
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) , “*bē-sman”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 64

Further readingEdit