See also: BOM, BoM, bôm, bờm, and bơm

AbinomnEdit

NounEdit

bom

  1. earth

AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch bom, from French bombe.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bom (plural bomme, diminutive bommetjie)

  1. bomb, explosive
  2. (figuratively) bombshell (something sensational, amazing or controversial)

Derived termsEdit


DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle Low German bōm (tree), from Proto-Germanic *baumaz, *bagmaz, cf. German Baum and English beam.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): [ˈb̥ɔmˀ]

NounEdit

bom c (singular definite bommen, plural indefinite bomme)

  1. bar, tollbar
  2. barrier (rail)
  3. beam
  4. boom

InflectionEdit

ReferencesEdit

bom” in Den Danske Ordbog


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɔm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bom
  • Rhymes: -ɔm

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French bombe, still attested as bombe in Early Modern Dutch.

NounEdit

bom f (plural bommen, diminutive bommetje n)

  1. bomb (explosive)
  2. (Surinam) gas cylinder (cylindrical vessel for compressed gas)
    Synonyms: gascylinder, gasfles
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: bom
  • Indonesian: bom
  • West Frisian: bom

Etymology 2Edit

Clipping of bomschuit.

NounEdit

bom f (plural bommen, diminutive bommetje n)

  1. (historical) flat-bottomed marine fishing vessel

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle Dutch bomme, bonne, probably of Celtic origin, from Gaulish *bunda, feminine form of *bundos (bottom), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰ-, *bʰudʰmḗn.[1]

NounEdit

bom f (plural bommen, diminutive bommetje n)

  1. (archaic) bung, stopper (for barrels)
    Synonyms: spon, stop

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ bonde” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

IndonesianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɔm]
  • Hyphenation: bom

Etymology 1Edit

From Dutch bom, from French bombe, from Italian bomba, from Latin bombus (a boom).

NounEdit

bom (first-person possessive bomku, second-person possessive bommu, third-person possessive bomnya)

  1. bomb, an explosive device used or intended as a weapon.

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch boom (tree, pole), from Middle Dutch bôom, from Old Dutch bōm, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

NounEdit

bom (first-person possessive bomku, second-person possessive bommu, third-person possessive bomnya)

  1. boom, tree, pole.

Etymology 3Edit

From Dutch slagboom (boom barrier, boom gate) or boom (beam, barrier). Compare to Dutch boomklok (A bell tolled during the opening (in the morning) or closing (in the evening) of a port, literally beam bell).

NounEdit

bom (first-person possessive bomku, second-person possessive bommu, third-person possessive bomnya)

  1. boom barrier, boom gate
  2. (figuratively) harbor, harbour.
    Synonym: pelabuhan
  3. (figuratively) customs.
    Synonym: pabean

Alternative formsEdit

Further readingEdit


Lower SorbianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German boum (German Baum), or East Central German, German Low German Boom.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bom m (diminutive bomk)

  1. tree
    • 2011 September 27, I. Neumannojc, "Sadowe bomy za derjeměśe luźa a natury", Nowy Casnik:
      Sadowe bomy w burskich gumnach a teke na dwórach su typiske za naš region.
      Fruit trees in farmers’ gardens and even in courtyards are typical for our region.

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lower Sorbian vocabulary. In: Haspelmath, M. & Tadmor, U. (eds.) World Loanword Database. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

Further readingEdit

  • Arnošt Muka (1921, 1928), “bom”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German, Russian), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted (in German)Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
  • bom in Manfred Starosta (1999): Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch. Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From either Middle Low German bōm, from Old Saxon bōm or from Dutch boom (tree, beam, mast, boom), from Middle Dutch bôom (tree, beam, pole, boom barrier), from Old Dutch bōm (tree), from Proto-West Germanic *baum (tree, beam), from Proto-Germanic *baumaz, *bagmaz (tree, beam, balk), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰew- (to grow, swell).

NounEdit

bom m (definite singular bommen, indefinite plural bommer, definite plural bommene)

  1. a boom (for a sail, crane, microphone etc.)
  2. a barrier (at a railway crossing etc.)
  3. a beam (in gymnastics: balance beam)
  4. a derrick (nautical, for loading/unloading cargo)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German bom.

NounEdit

bom m (definite singular bommen, indefinite plural bommar, definite plural bommane)

  1. a boom (as above)
  2. a barrier (as above)
  3. a beam (as above)
  4. a derrick (nautical, for loading/unloading cargo)

ReferencesEdit


Old DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *baum.

NounEdit

bōm m

  1. tree

InflectionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bōm”, in Oudnederlands Woordenboek, 2012

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *baum, from Proto-Germanic *baumaz.

NounEdit

bōm m

  1. tree

DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: bôm
    • German Low German: Boom
    • Plautdietsch: Boom
    • Danish: bom
    • Finnish: puomi
    • Gutnish: bom
    • Norwegian: bom
    • Swedish: bom

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese bõo, inherited from Latin bonus (good), from Old Latin duonos, earlier duenos, from Proto-Italic *dwenos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere). Doublet of bónus, a later borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bom
  • Rhymes:

AdjectiveEdit

bom (feminine singular boa, masculine plural bons, feminine plural boas, comparable)

  1. good
    1. desirable, positive, advantageous
    2. (in reference to senses) pleasant, enjoyable, (of food) tasty
      Esta brisa é boa.
      This breeze is pleasant.
      Synonyms: agradável, aprazível
    3. (of a person) kind, generous, acting morally
      Synonyms: gentil, generoso
      Ele é um homem bom.
      He is a good man.
    4. (of quantity or time) sizeable, reasonable, significant
      Synonyms: razoável, significante
      uma boa parte
      a significant part

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:bom.

AntonymsEdit

(all senses):

InterjectionEdit

bom

  1. well, very well

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:bom.

Derived termsEdit

  • bom dia
  • For terms derived from the feminine inflection, boa, see this section in boa.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bọ̑m

  1. first-person singular future of bíti

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch boom

NounEdit

bom c

  1. barrier (rail)
  2. miss, failure to hit
  3. boom (sail)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bom 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bom bommen bommar bommarna
Genitive boms bommens bommars bommarnas

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French bombe.

NounEdit

(classifier quả, trái) bom

  1. bomb

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from French pomme; the phoneme /p/ is changed into /ɓ/ as it is not a native onset consonant.

NounEdit

(classifier quả) bom

  1. (dialectal) apple
SynonymsEdit

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English bone.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bom (nominative plural boms)

  1. bone

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • SARMENTO, Leila Lauar. Gramática em textos. 2nd edition. São Paulo, Brazil: Moderna, 2005.

ZouEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

bom

  1. (transitive) to bind

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 81