See also: Trash

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English trasch, trassh, probably a dialectal form of *trass (compare Orkney truss, English dialectal trous), from Old Norse tros (rubbish, fallen leaves and twigs). Compare Norwegian trask (lumber, trash, baggage), Swedish trasa (rag, cloth, worthless fellow), Swedish trås (dry fallen twigs, wood-waste). Compare also Old English þreahs, þreax (rottenness, rubbish).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: trăsh, IPA(key): /tɹæʃ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æʃ

NounEdit

trash (countable and uncountable, plural trashes)

  1. (chiefly Canada, US) Useless physical things to be discarded; rubbish; refuse.
  2. (chiefly Canada, US, metonymically) A container into which things are discarded.
    Synonyms: trashcan, trash can, trashbin, trash bin, garbage can, rubbish bin, bin
    Coordinate terms: recycle bin, recycling bin, recycling
  3. (chiefly Canada, US, figuratively) Something worthless or of poor quality.
    When your life is trash, you don't have much to lose.
  4. (chiefly Southern United States, agriculture) The disused stems, leaves, or vines of a crop, as well as any weeds mixed therewith, which will either be plowed in as green manure or be removed by raking, grazing, or burning.
    Coordinate terms: straw, stover, shaw
  5. (chiefly Canada, US) (slang, derogatory) People of low social status or class. (See, for example, white trash or Eurotrash.)
  6. (chiefly Canada, US) (fandom slang, humorous, uncountable) A fan who is excessively obsessed with their fandom and its fanworks.
    I am Harry Potter trash.
  7. (computing) Temporary storage on disk for files that the user has deleted, allowing them to be recovered if necessary.
    Synonym: (in Microsoft Windows) recycle bin

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

trash (third-person singular simple present trashes, present participle trashing, simple past and past participle trashed)

  1. (US) To discard.
    • 1989, InfoWorld (18 December 1989, page 66)
      Fatcat also fails to warn you that unformatting will trash any files copied to the unintentionally formatted disk.
  2. (US) To make into a mess.
    The burglars trashed the house.
  3. (US) To beat soundly in a game.
  4. (US) To disrespect someone or something
  5. To free from trash, or worthless matter; hence, to lop; to crop.
    to trash the rattoons of sugar cane
    • 1793, Bryan Edwards, History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies
      the ancient practice of trashing ratoons i.e. stripping them of their outward leaves
  6. To treat as trash, or worthless matter; hence, to spurn, humiliate, or crush.
  7. To hold back by a trash or leash, as a dog in pursuing game; hence, to retard, encumber, or restrain; to clog; to hinder vexatiously.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

recycle bin

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

See Albanian trashë (thick, fat, massive) (from Proto-Albanian *trauša, according to Vladimir Orel).[1]

VerbEdit

  • (active) trash (first-person singular past tense trasha, participle trashur)
  1. (transitive) I thicken, I fatten, I plump up (something)
    Synonym: majm
  2. (figuratively) I magnify, inflate (an object)
    Synonyms: zmadhoj, lartësoj, fryj
    I exaggerate (a sotry)
    Synonyms: ekzagjeroj, teproj
    I strengthen, deepen (a friendship, relationship, conversation)
    Synonyms: forcoj, thelloj
  • (passive) tráshem (first-person singular past tense u trasha, participle trashur)
  1. (passive, reflexive) I gain weight, I become thick, fat
  2. (passive, 3rd person) is/are getting lower, deeper (voice, sound, volume)
  3. (passive, 3rd pers.) is/are getting worse (problem(s), disagreement(s), quarrel(s))
  4. (passive, 3rd pers.) becomes more frequent, denser, thicker; thickens (a larger scale of particles)
    Synonym: dendësoj
    U trash bora.
    The snow thickens.
  5. (passive, figuratively, 3rd pers.) is/are getting tired; lose(s) (strength, ability or sharpness)
  6. (passive, figuratively, 3rd pers.) is/are stubborn, headstrong, pigheaded, foolish, stupid, bigheaded, arrogant (when associated with a person's intelligence or behaviour)

ConjugationEdit

(conjugation type 14²)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • [1] active verb trash (aorist trasha; participle trashur) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • [2] passive verb trashem (tráshem) (aorist u trasha; participle trashur) • Fjalor Shqip (Albanian Dictionary)
  • Oda Buchholz, Wilfried Fiedler, Gerda Uhlisch (2000) Langenscheidt Handwörterbuch Albanisch, Langenscheidt Verlag, →ISBN, page 576 (verb trash (14²))

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “trash”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 462 (> trashë)

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English trash.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

trash (invariable)

  1. of an unrefined or vulgar taste; trash

NounEdit

trash m (invariable)

  1. art movement that emphasizes what is ugly, grotesque, or vulgar; trash
    • 2020 September 25, Massimo Basile, “No Vax, cospirazionisti e antisemiti: "l'altra America" si ritrova alla festa trash nel resort di Trump [No Vax, conspiracy theorists and antisemites: "the other America" finds itself in the trash party in the Trump Resort]”, in la Repubblica[3]:
      Dai no-wax[sic] ai cospirazionisti, dai no-mask agli antisemiti, tra feste in piscina, sugli yacht, musica e partite di poker, si ritroveranno tutti tra due settimane in un resort trumpiano di Miami per la tre giorni di quella che, i media americani, definiscono una "vera celebrazione del trash" in un momento in cui l'America è devastata dalla pandemia.
      From the no-vaxxers to the conspiracy theorists, from the no-maskers to the antisemites, between parties in the pool, on yachts, music and poker games, everyone will find themselves in a Trumpian resort in Miami in two weeks for three days of what the American media calls a "real celebration of trash" in a moment in which America is devastated by the pandemic.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ trash in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

trash

  1. Alternative form of trasch