IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish borb (foolish, ignorant).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

borb (genitive singular masculine boirb, genitive singular feminine boirbe, plural borba, comparative boirbe)

  1. brusque, gruff, abrupt; rude
  2. pungent

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

  • boirbe f (gruffness, rudeness)

VerbEdit

borb (present analytic borbann, future analytic borbfaidh, verbal noun borbadh, past participle borbtha)

  1. (intransitive) Alternative form of borbaigh (get angry, rude)

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
borb bhorb mborb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906), A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 7.

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

borb

  1. foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth
  2. fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant

DeclensionEdit

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative borb borb borb
Vocative buirb*
borb**
Accusative borb buirb
Genitive buirb buirbe buirb
Dative burb buirb burb
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative buirb borba
Vocative burbu
borba
Accusative burbu
borba
Genitive borb
Dative borbaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: borb
  • Scottish Gaelic: borb

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
borb borb
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mborb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish borb (foolish, silly, senseless; stupid, ignorant, unlearned; rude, uncouth; fierce, rough, rude, violent, harsh; arrogant).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

borb (comparative buirbe)

  1. barbaric, barbarous
  2. boisterous
  3. brusque
  4. brutish, crude
  5. cruel, savage, fierce
  6. harsh
  7. knockabout
  8. rabid

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
borb bhorb
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • borb” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “borb”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language