EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1583. Borrowed from Latin abruptus (broken off), perfect passive participle of abrumpō (break off), formed from ab (from, away from) + rumpō (to break).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɹʌpt/, /æbˈɹʌpt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌpt

AdjectiveEdit

abrupt (comparative more abrupt or abrupter, superlative most abrupt or abruptest)

  1. (obsolete, rare) Broken away (from restraint). [Attested only in the late 16th century.][1]
  2. Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden; hasty; unceremonious. [First attested in the late 16th century.][1]
    The party came to an abrupt end when the parents of our host arrived.
    • 1592, William Shakespeare, Henry VI Part I, II-iii:
      The cause of your abrupt departure.
    • 2020 January 28, Kiran Millwood Hargrave, The Mercies[1], →ISBN, page 130:
      'Is it a slickstone?' she asks, and Maren snorts, an abrupt sound, bringing her hand up to her mouth.
  3. Curt in manner. [First attested in the late 16th century.][1]
    Synonyms: brusque, rude, uncivil, impolite
    • 1841 February–November, Charles Dickens, “Barnaby Rudge”, in Master Humphrey’s Clock, volume II, London: Chapman & Hall, [], OCLC 633494058, chapter 12, page 301:
      With no great disparity between them in point of years, they were, in every other respect, as unlike and far removed from each other as two men could well be. The one was soft-spoken, delicately made, precise, and elegant; the other, a burly square-built man, negligently dressed, rough and abrupt in manner, stern, and, in his present mood, forbidding both in look and speech.
  4. Having sudden transitions from one subject or state to another; unconnected; disjointed. [First attested in the late 16th century.][1]
    • 1641, Ben Jonson, Discoveries Made upon Men and Matter
      The abrupt style, which hath many breaches.
  5. (obsolete) Broken off. [Attested from the early 17th century until the mid 18th century.][1]
  6. Extremely steep or craggy as if broken up; precipitous. [First attested in the early 17th century.][1]
    • 1727, James Thomson, “Summer”, in The Seasons, London: [] A[ndrew] Millar, and sold by Thomas Cadell, [], published 1768, OCLC 642619686:
      The mazy-running brook
      Forms a deep pool; this bank abrupt and high.
    • 1961 October, "Voyageur", “The Cockermouth, Keswick & Penrith Railway”, in Trains Illustrated, page 601:
      To the north the towering scree-strewn slopes of Saddleback begin to draw nearer as we start the abrupt descent towards Keswick.
  7. (botany) Suddenly terminating, as if cut off; truncate. [First attested in the early 19th century.][1]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of en to this entry?)

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

abrupt (third-person singular simple present abrupts, present participle abrupting, simple past and past participle abrupted)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To tear off or asunder. [First attested in the mid 17th century.][1]
  2. To interrupt suddenly. [First attested in the mid 17th century.][1]

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

abrupt (plural abrupts)

  1. (poetic) Something which is abrupt; an abyss. [First attested in the mid 17th century.][1]

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “abrupt”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 8.
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 6

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin abruptus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abrupt (feminine singular abrupte, masculine plural abrupts, feminine plural abruptes)

  1. Extremely steep, near vertical.
  2. Curt and abrupt.
  3. Done or said forwardly and without caution to avoid shocking.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin abruptus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abrupt (comparative abrupter, superlative am abruptesten)

  1. abrupt, suddenly
  2. jerkingly

DeclensionEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin abruptus (broken off, torn; abrupt), perfect passive participle of abrumpō (break off), from both ab- (from, away from, off), from ab (from, away from, on, in), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (off, away) + and from rumpō (I break, burst), from Proto-Italic *rumpō (break, burst, tear), from Proto-Indo-European *Hrunépti ~ *Hrumpénti (to be breaking), from *Hrewp- (to break, tear (up)) (with the infix *-né-), from *Hrew- (to tear out, dig out, open, acquire).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abrupt (neuter singular abrupt, definite singular and plural abrupte, comparative mer abrupt, superlative mest abrupt)

  1. abrupt (having sudden transitions from one subject or state to another; unconnected; disjointed)
    • 1976, Karsten Alnæs, Felttoget, page 14:
      han lignet en vadefugl, ikke bare i skikkelsen, men også gjennom den abrupte rykkende gangen
      he resembled a wader, not only in the figure, but also through the abrupt jerking passage
    • 1993, Tor Ulven, Avløsning, page 47:
      i et abrupt glimt husker du … at du en gang sto slik
      in an abrupt glimpse you remember… that you once stood like that
    • 2000, Pernille Rygg, Det gyldne snitt:
      ikke gråt, bare et siste, abrupt avklippet ynk
      not crying, just one last, abruptly clipped pity
    • 2013, Erik Bjerck Hagen, Livets overskudd, page 107:
      Riis’ abrupte og prekære tilbaketog
      Riis' abrupt and precarious retreat
    abrupte setningerabrupt sentences
    abrupt taleabrupt speech
    Synonyms: plutselig, brå

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French abrupt, Latin abruptus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abrupt m or n (feminine singular abruptă, masculine plural abrupți, feminine and neuter plural abrupte)

  1. abrupt
  2. extremely steep, near vertical

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abrupt

  1. abrupt, sudden

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of abrupt
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular abrupt
Neuter singular abrupt
Plural abrupta
Masculine plural3 abrupte
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 abrupte
All abrupta
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

AdverbEdit

abrupt

  1. suddenly

SynonymsEdit