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EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English buxum, buhsum, bucsum (bendsome, flexible, pliant, obedient), (also Middle English ibucsum, ibuhsum, possibly from OE past participal form), from Old English *būhsum (bendsome, pliant) (Old English *ǵebūhsum), a derivative of Old English būgan (to bend, bow), equivalent to bow +‎ -some (būgan +‎ -sum). Cognate with Dutch buigzaam (flexible, pliant) (Middle Dutch boochsaem), German biegsam (flexible, pliant), derived from Dutch buigen and German biegen, and their older forms, respectively.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbʌksəm/
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AdjectiveEdit

buxom (comparative buxomer or more buxom, superlative buxomest or most buxom)

  1. (obsolete, archaic, rare) Pliant, obedient, tractable (to) (i.e. easily moved or bent, morally).[1]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.8:
      They downe him hold, and fast with cords do bynde, / Till they him force the buxome yoke to beare […].
  2. (obsolete) Submissive, humble, meek (as subsense of 4).[1]
  3. (obsolete) Gracious, indulgent, favourable; obliging, amiable, courteous, affable, kindly (as subsense of 1).[1]
  4. (obsolete) With infinitive: Easily moved, prone, ready (as subsense of 1).[1]
  5. (obsolete, archaic, poetic) Flexible, pliant (arising from sense 1).[1]
  6. (obsolete, archaic) Blithe, gladsome, bright, lively, gay (attested after 1).[1]
  7. (dated, of a man or woman) Cheerful, happy (possibly as subsense of 6).
    • 1932, John Buchan, chapter IV, in The Gap in the Curtain:
      Claypole, the buxom novelist,...[his] bubbling utterances....
  8. (dated, chiefly of women) Full of health, vigour, and good temper; well-favoured, plump and comely, 'jolly', comfortable-looking (in person). (arising from sense 6).[1]
    • 1896, Thomas Hardy, A Group of Noble Dames, "Dame the Eighth: The Lady Penelope,"
      So heated and impassioned, indeed, would they become, that the lady hardly felt herself safe in their company at such times, notwithstanding that she was a brave and buxom damsel, not easily put out, and with a daring spirit of humour in her composition.
    • 1922, Sinclair Lewis, “26”, in Babbitt:
      He had not seen Zilla since Paul had shot her, and he still pictured her as buxom, high-colored, lively, and a little blowsy.
  9. (of a woman) Having a full, voluptuous figure, especially possessing large breasts (as subsense of 8).
    • 2003, "Milestones," Time, 23 Jul.,
      DIED. Robert Brooks, 69, canny businessman who, as chairman of Hooters, turned the bar-restaurant chain, famed for buxom waitresses in orange hot pants, into an international success.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  • 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 'buxum, adj.' (2018). In: Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. URL: http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/25479
  • ^ Klein, Ernest. (1969 (1965)). A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. Dealing with the origin of words and their sense development thus illustrating the history of civilization and culture. Vol. I A-K. II vols. Elsevier Publishing Company.