From circum- ‎(circum-) +‎ ferō ‎(I bear, carry).



circumferō ‎(present infinitive circumferre, perfect active circumtulī, supine circumlātum); third conjugation, irregular

  1. I carry, bear or move around or about; carry or move around in a circle.
  2. I publish abroad, proclaim, circulate, divulge, disseminate, report.
  3. (religion) I purify someone by carrying around him consecrated objects.


   Conjugation of circumfero (third conjugation, irregular, suppletive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumferō circumfers circumfert circumferimus circumfertis circumferunt
imperfect circumferēbam circumferēbās circumferēbat circumferēbāmus circumferēbātis circumferēbant
future circumferam circumferēs circumferet circumferēmus circumferētis circumferent
perfect circumtulī circumtulistī circumtulit circumtulimus circumtulistis circumtulērunt, circumtulēre
pluperfect circumtuleram circumtulerās circumtulerat circumtulerāmus circumtulerātis circumtulerant
future perfect circumtulerō circumtuleris circumtulerit circumtulerimus circumtuleritis circumtulerint
passive present circumferor circumferris, circumferre circumfertur circumferimur circumferiminī circumferuntur
imperfect circumferēbar circumferēbāris, circumferēbāre circumferēbātur circumferēbāmur circumferēbāminī circumferēbantur
future circumferar circumferēris, circumferēre circumferētur circumferēmur circumferēminī circumferentur
perfect circumlātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect circumlātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect circumlātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumferam circumferās circumferat circumferāmus circumferātis circumferant
imperfect circumferrem circumferrēs circumferret circumferrēmus circumferrētis circumferrent
perfect circumtulerim circumtulerīs circumtulerit circumtulerīmus circumtulerītis circumtulerint
pluperfect circumtulissem circumtulissēs circumtulisset circumtulissēmus circumtulissētis circumtulissent
passive present circumferar circumferāris, circumferāre circumferātur circumferāmur circumferāminī circumferantur
imperfect circumferrer circumferrēris, circumferrēre circumferrētur circumferrēmur circumferrēminī circumferrentur
perfect circumlātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect circumlātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumfer circumferte
future circumfertō circumfertō circumfertōte circumferuntō
passive present circumferre circumferiminī
future circumfertor circumfertor circumferuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives circumferre circumtulisse circumlātūrus esse circumferrī circumlātus esse circumlātum īrī
participles circumferēns circumlātūrus circumlātus circumferendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
circumferre circumferendī circumferendō circumferendum circumlātum circumlātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • circumfero” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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