infero

Contents

EsperantoEdit

NounEdit

infero ‎(accusative singular inferon, plural inferoj, accusative plural inferojn)

  1. hell (place where damned souls are eternally punished)
    • 1908, Zamenhof, L. L., La rabistoj: dramo en kvin aktoj, Paris: Hachette, translation of Die Räuber by Friedrich Schiller, page 10:
      Pli bone estas iri seninfana en la ĉielon, ol se ambaŭ, la patro kaj la filo, iras en la inferon.
      It's better to go childless into heaven, than if both, the father and the son, go into hell.

AntonymsEdit


ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin īnferus ‎(low), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *n̥dʰér.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈin.fe.ro/, [ˈiɱfer̺o]
  • Hyphenation: ìn‧fe‧ro

AdjectiveEdit

infero m ‎(feminine singular infera, masculine plural inferi, feminine plural infere)

  1. (literary) low, deep
  2. (figuratively, rare) underworldly, infernal, chthonian
  3. (botany) inferior (of an ovary)

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE roots
*bʰer-
*telh₂-

From in- ‎(in, at, on; into) +‎ ferō ‎(bear, carry; suffer).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

īnferō ‎(present infinitive īnferre, perfect active intulī, supine illātum); third conjugation, irregular

  1. I carry, bring, put or throw into or to somewhere or upon something; insert; set fire to; offer, sacrifice.
  2. I bring to a place for burial, bury, inter.
  3. (of a tribute or tax) I pay, furnish.
  4. (military) I advance, march, move forward.
  5. (military) I bear the standards against the enemy, attack, make an attack upon.
  6. (figuratively) I bring forward, introduce; produce, occasion, make; conclude; import.
  7. (figuratively, with dative) I cause, inflict, impose.

InflectionEdit

   Conjugation of infero (third conjugation, irregular, suppletive)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īnferō īnfers īnfert īnferimus īnfertis īnferunt
imperfect īnferēbam īnferēbās īnferēbat īnferēbāmus īnferēbātis īnferēbant
future īnferam īnferēs īnferet īnferēmus īnferētis īnferent
perfect intulī intulistī intulit intulimus intulistis intulērunt, intulēre
pluperfect intuleram intulerās intulerat intulerāmus intulerātis intulerant
future perfect intulerō intuleris intulerit intulerimus intuleritis intulerint
passive present īnferor īnferris, īnferre īnfertur īnferimur īnferiminī īnferuntur
imperfect īnferēbar īnferēbāris, īnferēbāre īnferēbātur īnferēbāmur īnferēbāminī īnferēbantur
future īnferar īnferēris, īnferēre īnferētur īnferēmur īnferēminī īnferentur
perfect illātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect illātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect illātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īnferam īnferās īnferat īnferāmus īnferātis īnferant
imperfect īnferrem īnferrēs īnferret īnferrēmus īnferrētis īnferrent
perfect intulerim intulerīs intulerit intulerīmus intulerītis intulerint
pluperfect intulissem intulissēs intulisset intulissēmus intulissētis intulissent
passive present īnferar īnferāris, īnferāre īnferātur īnferāmur īnferāminī īnferantur
imperfect īnferrer īnferrēris, īnferrēre īnferrētur īnferrēmur īnferrēminī īnferrentur
perfect illātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect illātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present īnfer īnferte
future īnfertō īnfertō īnfertōte īnferuntō
passive present īnferre īnferiminī
future īnfertor īnfertor īnferuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives īnferre intulisse illātūrus esse īnferrī illātus esse illātum īrī
participles īnferēns illātūrus illātus īnferendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
īnferre īnferendī īnferendō īnferendum illātum illātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • infero” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
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