From Middle English borwe, borgh, burgh, buruh, from Old English burh, from Proto-West Germanic *burg, from Proto-Germanic *burgz (“stronghold, city”).
Cognate with Dutch burcht, German Burg, Swedish borg, French bourg. Doublet of burgh and Brough.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʌɹə/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈbʌɹoʊ/, /ˈbɜɹoʊ/
- Rhymes: -ʌɹə, -ʌɹəʊ
borough (plural boroughs)
- (obsolete) A fortified town.
- (rare) A town or city.
- A town having a municipal corporation and certain traditional rights.
- An administrative district in some cities, e.g., London.
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 7, in The China Governess:
- The highway to the East Coast which ran through the borough of Ebbfield had always been a main road and even now, despite the vast garages, the pylons and the gaily painted factory glasshouses which had sprung up beside it, there still remained an occasional trace of past cultures.
- An administrative unit of a city which, under most circumstances according to state or national law, would be considered a larger or more powerful entity; most commonly used in American English to define the five counties that make up New York City.
- Other similar administrative units in cities and states in various parts of the world.
- A district in Alaska having powers similar to a county.
- (historical, Britain, law) An association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behaviour of each other.
- borough council
- borough English
- Borough Green
- borough hall
- borough seat
- close borough
- county borough
- metropolitan borough
- municipal borough
- nomination borough
- outer borough
- parliamentary borough
- Petersburg Borough
- pocket borough
- rotten borough
- royal borough
- The Borough
- borough on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- borough in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911
- borough in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913