crucial

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

1706, from French crucial, a medical term for ligaments of the knee (which cross each other), from Latin crux, crucis (cross) (English crux), from the Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to turn, to bend).

The meaning “decisive, critical” is extended from a logical term, Instantias Crucis, adopted by Francis Bacon in his influential Novum Organum (1620); the notion is of cross fingerboard signposts at forking roads, thus a requirement to choose.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɹuː.ʃəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cru‧cial
  • Rhymes: -uːʃəl

AdjectiveEdit

crucial (comparative more crucial, superlative most crucial)

  1. Essential or decisive for determining the outcome or future of something; extremely important; vital.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:important
    The battle of Tali-Ihantala in 1944 is one of the crucial moments in the history of Finland.
    A secure supply of crude oil is crucial for any modern nation, let alone a superpower.
    • 2014 March 7, Nicole Vulser, “Perfume manufacturers must cope with the scarcity of precious supplies”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 190, number 13, page 30:
      The perfume industry is facing a major problem: maintaining constant levels of quality is crucial, but it is increasingly difficult to obtain a regular supply of all the necessary natural ingredients.
    • 2018, Clarence Green; James Lambert, “Advancing disciplinary literacy through English for academic purposes: Discipline-specific wordlists, collocations and word families for eight secondary subjects”, in Journal of English for Academic Purposes, volume 35, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2018.07.004, page 106:
      Vocabulary provides a foundation from which grammar, phonology, and morphology emerge, and in a subject area it provides access to conceptual knowledge. Vocabulary selection for pedagogical purposes is therefore crucial.
    • 2021 October 1, A Falun Dafa practitioner in France, “Using Truthfulness-Compassion-Forbearance to Guide My Young Students”, in Minghui[1]:
      Language is crucial because it is the best weapon against violence. When children don’t have the words to express their thoughts, they raise their fists.
  2. (archaic) Cruciform or cruciate; cross-shaped.
  3. (slang, especially Jamaican, Bermuda) Very good; excellent; particularly applied to reggae music.
    Delbert Wilkins is the most crucial pirate radio DJ in Brixton.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Francis Bacon (1620) Novum Organum [New Organon] (in Latin), XXXVI: “Inter praerogativas instantiarum, ponemus loco decimo quarto Instantias Crucis; translato vocabulo a Crucibus, quae erectae in biviis indicant et signant viarum separationes.”

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a root of Latin crux (cross).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

crucial (feminine singular cruciale, masculine plural cruciaux, feminine plural cruciales)

  1. cruciform
  2. crucial, critical, vital

Further readingEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /kɾu.siˈaw/, [kɾu.siˈaʊ̯]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /kɾuˈsjal/, [kɾuˈsjaɫ]

  • Rhymes: -al, -aw
  • Hyphenation: cru‧ci‧al

AdjectiveEdit

crucial m or f (plural cruciais, comparable)

  1. crucial

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:crucial.

Further readingEdit

  • crucial” in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French crucial

AdjectiveEdit

crucial m or n (feminine singular crucială, masculine plural cruciali, feminine and neuter plural cruciale)

  1. pivotal

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English crucial.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): (Spain) /kɾuˈθjal/, [kɾuˈθjal]
  • IPA(key): (Latin America) /kɾuˈsjal/, [kɾuˈsjal]

AdjectiveEdit

crucial (plural cruciales)

  1. crucial

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit