de la f (masculine du, plural des)
- of the
- some; the feminine partitive article
- Voudriez-vous de la confiture ? ― Would you like some jam?
- J'ai mangé de la tarte ― I ate some pie.
- While English does have the partitive determiner some, the French article de la frequently translates to nothing at all in English; for example, the above example « J'ai mangé de la tarte » could also be translated simply as “I ate pie.”
- Like the definite article la (from which it derives), the partitive article de la undergoes elision, becoming de l'- before most words that start with vowel sounds.
- “de la”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
de + la, literally, “from at”.
- from (spatial, relational, causal)
- from, since (temporal)
- by (instrumental)
- de la sine ― by itself
- Word to join the parts of a compound; sometimes corresponding to "of".
- Synonym: de
- buzunar de la pantalon ― pant pocket
- apă de la robinet ― tap water
- abatere de la lege ― breach of law
- When constructing phrases of the form "from X to Y", it is usually accompanied by "(până) la": "de la X (până) la Y"
de la is usually used together with a fixed point in time (though not with dates):
- de la ora nouă ― since nine o'clock
- de la ianuarie ― since January
din is usually used together with dates or in certain expressions:
- din (anul) 2000 ― since (the year) 2000
- din acel moment ― from that moment on
de is usually used for time frames:
- de un an ― for a year
- de mult timp ― for a long time
- of the